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Microsoft Corp. (NASDAQ:MSFT)

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DuPont Analysis: Disaggregation of ROE, ROA, and Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel

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Two-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel
ROE = ROA × Financial Leverage
Jun 30, 2023 = ×
Jun 30, 2022 = ×
Jun 30, 2021 = ×
Jun 30, 2020 = ×
Jun 30, 2019 = ×
Jun 30, 2018 = ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2023 year is the decrease in profitability measured by return on assets ratio (ROA).


Three-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel
ROE = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Jun 30, 2023 = × ×
Jun 30, 2022 = × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2023 year is the decrease in financial leverage ratio.


Five-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel
ROE = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Jun 30, 2023 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2022 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × × × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2023 year is the decrease in financial leverage ratio.


Two-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel
ROA = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover
Jun 30, 2023 = ×
Jun 30, 2022 = ×
Jun 30, 2021 = ×
Jun 30, 2020 = ×
Jun 30, 2019 = ×
Jun 30, 2018 = ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2023 year is the decrease in profitability measured by net profit margin ratio.


Four-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel
ROA = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover
Jun 30, 2023 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2022 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2023 year is the decrease in effect of taxes measured by tax burden ratio.


Disaggregation of Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of net profit margin ratio

Microsoft Excel
Net Profit Margin = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin
Jun 30, 2023 = × ×
Jun 30, 2022 = × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

The primary reason for the decrease in net profit margin ratio over 2023 year is the decrease in effect of taxes measured by tax burden ratio.