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DuPont Analysis: Disaggregation of ROE, ROA, and Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel

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Two-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel
ROE = ROA × Financial Leverage
Jun 30, 2022 = ×
Jun 30, 2021 = ×
Jun 30, 2020 = ×
Jun 30, 2019 = ×
Jun 30, 2018 = ×
Jun 30, 2017 = ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-06-30).

The primary reason for the increase in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2022 year is the increase in profitability measured by return on assets ratio (ROA).


Three-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel
ROE = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Jun 30, 2022 = × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × ×
Jun 30, 2017 = × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-06-30).

The primary reason for the increase in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2022 year is the increase in efficiency measured by asset turnover ratio.


Five-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel
ROE = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Jun 30, 2022 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × × × ×
Jun 30, 2017 = × × × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-06-30).

The primary reason for the increase in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2022 year is the increase in efficiency measured by asset turnover ratio.


Two-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel
ROA = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover
Jun 30, 2022 = ×
Jun 30, 2021 = ×
Jun 30, 2020 = ×
Jun 30, 2019 = ×
Jun 30, 2018 = ×
Jun 30, 2017 = ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-06-30).

The primary reason for the increase in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2022 year is the increase in asset turnover ratio.


Four-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel
ROA = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover
Jun 30, 2022 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × × ×
Jun 30, 2017 = × × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-06-30).

The primary reason for the increase in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2022 year is the increase in efficiency measured by asset turnover ratio.


Disaggregation of Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of net profit margin ratio

Microsoft Excel
Net Profit Margin = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin
Jun 30, 2022 = × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × ×
Jun 30, 2017 = × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-06-30).

The primary reason for the increase in net profit margin ratio over 2022 year is the increase in effect of taxes measured by tax burden ratio.