# Microsoft Corp. (NASDAQ:MSFT)

## Dividend Discount Model (DDM)

In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Dividends are the cleanest and most straightforward measure of cash flow because these are clearly cash flows that go directly to the investor.

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### Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)

Microsoft Corp., dividends per share (DPS) forecast

US\$

Year Value DPSt or Terminal value (TVt) Calculation Present value at
0 DPS01
1 DPS1 = × (1 + )
2 DPS2 = × (1 + )
3 DPS3 = × (1 + )
4 DPS4 = × (1 + )
5 DPS5 = × (1 + )
5 Terminal value (TV5) = × (1 + ) ÷ ()
Intrinsic value of Microsoft Corp. common stock (per share)
Current share price

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2024-06-30).

1 DPS0 = Sum of the last year dividends per share of Microsoft Corp. common stock. See details »

Disclaimer!
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.

### Required Rate of Return (r)

 Assumptions Rate of return on LT Treasury Composite1 RF Expected rate of return on market portfolio2 E(RM) Systematic risk of Microsoft Corp. common stock βMSFT Required rate of return on Microsoft Corp. common stock3 rMSFT

1 Unweighted average of bid yields on all outstanding fixed-coupon U.S. Treasury bonds neither due or callable in less than 10 years (risk-free rate of return proxy).

3 rMSFT = RF + βMSFT [E(RM) – RF]
= + []
=

### Dividend Growth Rate (g)

#### Dividend growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model

Microsoft Corp., PRAT model

Average Jun 30, 2024 Jun 30, 2023 Jun 30, 2022 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2019
Selected Financial Data (US\$ in millions)
Common stock cash dividends
Net income
Revenue
Total assets
Stockholders’ equity
Financial Ratios
Retention rate1
Profit margin2
Asset turnover3
Financial leverage4
Averages
Retention rate
Profit margin
Asset turnover
Financial leverage

Dividend growth rate (g)5

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2024-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30).

2024 Calculations

1 Retention rate = (Net income – Common stock cash dividends) ÷ Net income
= () ÷
=

2 Profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × ÷
=

3 Asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Total assets
= ÷
=

4 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= ÷
=

5 g = Retention rate × Profit margin × Asset turnover × Financial leverage
= × × ×
=

#### Dividend growth rate (g) implied by Gordon growth model

g = 100 × (P0 × rD0) ÷ (P0 + D0)
= 100 × ( × ) ÷ ( + )
=

where:
P0 = current price of share of Microsoft Corp. common stock
D0 = the last year dividends per share of Microsoft Corp. common stock
r = required rate of return on Microsoft Corp. common stock

#### Dividend growth rate (g) forecast

Microsoft Corp., H-model

Year Value gt
1 g1
2 g2
3 g3
4 g4
5 and thereafter g5

where:
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by Gordon growth model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5

Calculations

g2 = g1 + (g5g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=

g3 = g1 + (g5g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=

g4 = g1 + (g5g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=