Balance Sheet: Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
The balance sheet provides creditors, investors, and analysts with information on company resources (assets) and its sources of capital (its equity and liabilities). It normally also provides information about the future earnings capacity of a company assets as well as an indication of cash flows that may come from receivables and inventories.
Liabilities represents obligations of a company arising from past events, the settlement of which is expected to result in an outflow of economic benefits from the entity.
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Microsoft Corp. pages available for free this week:
- Common-Size Income Statement
- Common-Size Balance Sheet: Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
- Analysis of Solvency Ratios
- Analysis of Short-term (Operating) Activity Ratios
- DuPont Analysis: Disaggregation of ROE, ROA, and Net Profit Margin
- Analysis of Reportable Segments
- Price to FCFE (P/FCFE)
- Debt to Equity since 2005
- Total Asset Turnover since 2005
- Analysis of Debt
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Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-06-30).
|Balance sheet item||Description||The company|
|Current liabilities||Total obligations incurred as part of normal operations that are expected to be paid during the following twelve months or within one business cycle, if longer.||Microsoft Corp. current liabilities increased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.|
|Long-term liabilities||Amount of obligation due after one year or beyond the normal operating cycle, if longer.||Microsoft Corp. long-term liabilities decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly increased from 2021 to 2022.|
|Total liabilities||Sum of the carrying amounts as of the balance sheet date of all liabilities that are recognized. Liabilities are probable future sacrifices of economic benefits arising from present obligations of an entity to transfer assets or provide services to other entities in the future.||Microsoft Corp. total liabilities increased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.|
|Stockholders’ equity||Total of all stockholders’ equity (deficit) items, net of receivables from officers, directors, owners, and affiliates of the entity which are attributable to the parent. The amount of the economic entity stockholders’ equity attributable to the parent excludes the amount of stockholders’ equity which is allocable to that ownership interest in subsidiary equity which is not attributable to the parent (noncontrolling interest, minority interest). This excludes temporary equity and is sometimes called permanent equity.||Microsoft Corp. stockholders’ equity increased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.|