Balance Sheet: Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
The balance sheet provides creditors, investors, and analysts with information on company resources (assets) and its sources of capital (its equity and liabilities). It normally also provides information about the future earnings capacity of a company assets as well as an indication of cash flows that may come from receivables and inventories.
Liabilities represents obligations of a company arising from past events, the settlement of which is expected to result in an outflow of economic benefits from the entity.
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Microsoft Corp. pages available for free this week:
- Statement of Comprehensive Income
- Common-Size Balance Sheet: Assets
- Analysis of Solvency Ratios
- Enterprise Value (EV)
- Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
- Present Value of Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE)
- Selected Financial Data since 2005
- Operating Profit Margin since 2005
- Debt to Equity since 2005
- Analysis of Revenues
Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2016-06-30).
|Balance sheet item||Description||The company|
|Current liabilities||Total obligations incurred as part of normal operations that are expected to be paid during the following twelve months or within one business cycle, if longer.||Microsoft Corp. current liabilities increased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.|
|Long-term liabilities||Amount of obligation due after one year or beyond the normal operating cycle, if longer.||Microsoft Corp. long-term liabilities decreased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.|
|Total liabilities||Sum of the carrying amounts as of the balance sheet date of all liabilities that are recognized. Liabilities are probable future sacrifices of economic benefits arising from present obligations of an entity to transfer assets or provide services to other entities in the future.||Microsoft Corp. total liabilities decreased from 2019 to 2020 but then increased from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.|
|Stockholders’ equity||Total of all stockholders’ equity (deficit) items, net of receivables from officers, directors, owners, and affiliates of the entity which are attributable to the parent. The amount of the economic entity stockholders’ equity attributable to the parent excludes the amount of stockholders’ equity which is allocable to that ownership interest in subsidiary equity which is not attributable to the parent (noncontrolling interest, minority interest). This excludes temporary equity and is sometimes called permanent equity.||Microsoft Corp. stockholders’ equity increased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.|