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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Microsoft Corp. (MSFT)


Analysis of Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Difficulty: Advanced


Goodwill and Intangible Assets Accounting Policy

Goodwill

Goodwill is tested for impairment at the reporting unit level (operating segment or one level below an operating segment) on an annual basis (May 1 for us) and between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying value.

Intangible Assets

All of Microsoft’s intangible assets are subject to amortization and are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit, ranging from one to 20 years. Microsoft evaluates the recoverability of intangible assets periodically by taking into account events or circumstances that may warrant revised estimates of useful lives or that indicate the asset may be impaired.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03).


Goodwill and Intangible Assets Disclosure

Microsoft Corp., Statement of Financial Position, Goodwill and Intangible Assets

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
Technology-based hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Customer-related hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Marketing-related hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Contract-based hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Finite-lived intangible assets, gross carrying amount hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accumulated amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Finite-lived intangible assets, net carrying amount hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intangible assets and goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-30).

Item Description The company
Finite-lived intangible assets, net carrying amount Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, excluding goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. Microsoft Corp.’s finite-lived intangible assets, net carrying amount increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018.
Goodwill Amount after accumulated impairment loss of an asset representing future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized. Microsoft Corp.’s goodwill increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Intangible assets and goodwill Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, including goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. Microsoft Corp.’s intangible assets and goodwill increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Goodwill

Microsoft Corp., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Goodwill impairment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-30).


Microsoft Corp., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Goodwill (Summary)

Microsoft Corp., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-30).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Microsoft Corp., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-30).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-30).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-30).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-30).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-30).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Microsoft Corp.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.