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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Microsoft Corp. (MSFT)


Financial Reporting Quality: Aggregate Accruals

Difficulty: Advanced

Earnings can be decomposed into cash and accrual components. The accrual component (aggregate accruals) has been found to have less persistence than the cash component, and therefore (1) earnings with higher accrual component are less persistent than earnings with smaller accrual component, all else equal; and (2) the cash component of earnings should receive a higher weighting evaluating company performance.


Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio

Microsoft Corp., balance sheet computation of aggregate accruals

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Operating Assets
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Cash and cash equivalents hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Short-term investments hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating Liabilities
Total liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Short-term debt hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current portion of long-term debt hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Long-term debt, excluding current portion hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net operating assets1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors4
Adobe Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alphabet Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Facebook Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
International Business Machines Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intuit Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Oracle Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
salesforce.com inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Computer Services hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Technology hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31).

1 2019 Calculation
Net operating assets = Operating assets – Operating liabilities
= hiddenhidden = hidden

2 2019 Calculation
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals = Net operating assets 2019 – Net operating assets 2018
= hiddenhidden = hidden

3 2019 Calculation
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio = 100 × Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ [(hidden + hidden) ÷ 2] = hidden

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Ratio Description The company
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the balance-sheet-based accruals ratio, Microsoft Corp. deteriorated earnings quality from 2018 to 2019.

Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio

Microsoft Corp., cash flow statement computation of aggregate accruals

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net cash from operations hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net cash used in investing hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors2
Adobe Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alphabet Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Facebook Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
International Business Machines Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intuit Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Oracle Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
salesforce.com inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Computer Services hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Technology hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31).

1 2019 Calculation
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio = 100 × Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ [(hidden + hidden) ÷ 2] = hidden

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Ratio Description The company
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio, Microsoft Corp. improved earnings quality from 2018 to 2019.