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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Microsoft Corp. (MSFT)


Financial Reporting Quality: Aggregate Accruals

Advanced level

Earnings can be decomposed into cash and accrual components. The accrual component (aggregate accruals) has been found to have less persistence than the cash component, and therefore (1) earnings with higher accrual component are less persistent than earnings with smaller accrual component, all else equal; and (2) the cash component of earnings should receive a higher weighting evaluating company performance.


Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio

Microsoft Corp., balance sheet computation of aggregate accruals

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Operating Assets
Total assets
Less: Cash and cash equivalents
Less: Short-term investments
Operating assets
Operating Liabilities
Total liabilities
Less: Short-term debt
Less: Current portion of long-term debt
Less: Long-term debt, excluding current portion
Operating liabilities
 
Net operating assets1
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals2
Financial Ratio
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio3
Benchmarks
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors4
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31).

1 2019 Calculation
Net operating assets = Operating assets – Operating liabilities
= =

2 2019 Calculation
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals = Net operating assets2019 – Net operating assets2018
= =

3 2019 Calculation
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio = 100 × Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × ÷ [( + ) ÷ 2] =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Financial ratio Description The company
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the balance-sheet-based accruals ratio, Microsoft Corp. deteriorated earnings quality from 2018 to 2019.

Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio

Microsoft Corp., cash flow statement computation of aggregate accruals

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Net income
Less: Net cash from operations
Less: Net cash used in investing
Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals
Financial Ratio
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio1
Benchmarks
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-31).

1 2019 Calculation
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio = 100 × Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × ÷ [( + ) ÷ 2] =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Financial ratio Description The company
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio, Microsoft Corp. improved earnings quality from 2018 to 2019.