Stock Analysis on Net

Microsoft Corp. (NASDAQ:MSFT)

$24.99

Return on Capital (ROC)

Microsoft Excel

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Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)

Microsoft Corp., ROIC calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2023 Jun 30, 2022 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
ROIC3
Benchmarks
ROIC, Competitors4
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
CrowdStrike Holdings Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Oracle Corp.
Palo Alto Networks Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Synopsys Inc.

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2023 Calculation
ROIC = 100 × NOPAT ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
ROIC A measure of the periodic, after tax, cash-on-cash yield earned in the business. Microsoft Corp. ROIC deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 and from 2022 to 2023.

Decomposition of ROIC

Microsoft Corp., decomposition of ROIC

Microsoft Excel
ROIC = OPM1 × TO2 × 1 – CTR3
Jun 30, 2023 = × ×
Jun 30, 2022 = × ×
Jun 30, 2021 = × ×
Jun 30, 2020 = × ×
Jun 30, 2019 = × ×
Jun 30, 2018 = × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

1 Operating profit margin (OPM). See calculations »

2 Turnover of capital (TO). See calculations »

3 Effective cash tax rate (CTR). See calculations »

The primary reason for the decrease in return on invested capital (ROIC) over 2023 year is the decrease in efficiency measured by turnover of capital (TO) ratio.


Operating Profit Margin (OPM)

Microsoft Corp., OPM calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2023 Jun 30, 2022 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Add: Cash operating taxes2
Net operating profit before taxes (NOPBT)
 
Revenue
Add: Increase (decrease) in unearned revenue
Adjusted revenue
Profitability Ratio
OPM3
Benchmarks
OPM, Competitors4
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
CrowdStrike Holdings Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Oracle Corp.
Palo Alto Networks Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Synopsys Inc.

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cash operating taxes. See details »

3 2023 Calculation
OPM = 100 × NOPBT ÷ Adjusted revenue
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
OPM The operating profit margin (OPM) is the ratio of pretax economic earnings, or NOPBT, to sales. Microsoft Corp. OPM deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 and from 2022 to 2023.

Turnover of Capital (TO)

Microsoft Corp., TO calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2023 Jun 30, 2022 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenue
Add: Increase (decrease) in unearned revenue
Adjusted revenue
 
Invested capital1
Efficiency Ratio
TO2
Benchmarks
TO, Competitors3
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
CrowdStrike Holdings Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Oracle Corp.
Palo Alto Networks Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Synopsys Inc.

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

1 Invested capital. See details »

2 2023 Calculation
TO = Adjusted revenue ÷ Invested capital
= ÷ =

3 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Efficiency ratio Description The company
TO The turnover of capital (TO) is the ratio of sales to invested capital. Capital turnover is a function of the efficiency of working capital management and of net fixed assets. Microsoft Corp. TO deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 and from 2022 to 2023.

Effective Cash Tax Rate (CTR)

Microsoft Corp., CTR calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2023 Jun 30, 2022 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Add: Cash operating taxes2
Net operating profit before taxes (NOPBT)
Tax Rate
CTR3
Benchmarks
CTR, Competitors4
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
CrowdStrike Holdings Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Oracle Corp.
Palo Alto Networks Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Synopsys Inc.

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-06-30).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cash operating taxes. See details »

3 2023 Calculation
CTR = 100 × Cash operating taxes ÷ NOPBT
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Tax rate Description The company
CTR Effective cash tax rate on operating income. Microsoft Corp. CTR increased from 2021 to 2022 and from 2022 to 2023.