Stock Analysis on Net

Salesforce Inc. (NYSE:CRM)

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Financial Reporting Quality: Aggregate Accruals

Microsoft Excel

Earnings can be decomposed into cash and accrual components. The accrual component (aggregate accruals) has been found to have less persistence than the cash component, and therefore (1) earnings with higher accrual component are less persistent than earnings with smaller accrual component, all else equal; and (2) the cash component of earnings should receive a higher weighting evaluating company performance.

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Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio

Salesforce Inc., balance sheet computation of aggregate accruals

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
Operating Assets
Total assets
Less: Cash and cash equivalents
Less: Marketable securities
Operating assets
Operating Liabilities
Total liabilities
Less: Finance lease liabilities, current
Less: Current portion of debt
Less: Noncurrent debt, excluding current portion
Less: Noncurrent finance lease liabilities
Less: Capital lease obligations
Operating liabilities
 
Net operating assets1
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals2
Financial Ratio
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio3
Benchmarks
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors4
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Services
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Information Technology

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

1 2022 Calculation
Net operating assets = Operating assets – Operating liabilities
= =

2 2022 Calculation
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals = Net operating assets2022 – Net operating assets2021
= =

3 2022 Calculation
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio = 100 × Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × ÷ [( + ) ÷ 2] =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Financial ratio Description The company
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the balance-sheet-based accruals ratio, Salesforce Inc. deteriorated earnings quality from 2021 to 2022.

Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio

Salesforce Inc., cash flow statement computation of aggregate accruals

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
Net income
Less: Net cash provided by operating activities
Less: Net cash used in investing activities
Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals
Financial Ratio
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio1
Benchmarks
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors2
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Services
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Information Technology

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

1 2022 Calculation
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio = 100 × Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × ÷ [( + ) ÷ 2] =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Financial ratio Description The company
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio, Salesforce Inc. deteriorated earnings quality from 2021 to 2022.