Stock Analysis on Net

Salesforce Inc. (NYSE:CRM)

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Common Stock Valuation Ratios (Price Multiples)

Microsoft Excel

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Current Valuation Ratios

Salesforce Inc., current price multiples

Microsoft Excel
Salesforce Inc. Accenture PLC Adobe Inc. International Business Machines Corp. Intuit Inc. Mastercard Inc. Microsoft Corp. Oracle Corp. PayPal Holdings Inc. ServiceNow Inc. Visa Inc. Software & Services Information Technology
Selected Financial Data
Current share price (P)
No. shares of common stock outstanding
Growth rate (g)
 
Earnings per share (EPS)
Next year expected EPS
Operating profit per share
Sales per share
Book value per share (BVPS)
Valuation Ratios (Price Multiples)
Price to earnings (P/E)
Price to next year expected earnings
Price-earnings-growth (PEG)
Price to operating profit (P/OP)
Price to sales (P/S)
Price to book value (P/BV)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31).

If the company price multiple is lower then the price multiple of benchmark then company stock is relatively undervalued.
Otherwise, if the company price multiple is higher then the price multiple of benchmark then company stock is relatively overvalued.


Historical Valuation Ratios (Summary)

Salesforce Inc., historical price multiples

Microsoft Excel
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
Price to earnings (P/E)
Price to operating profit (P/OP)
Price to sales (P/S)
Price to book value (P/BV)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Salesforce Inc. P/E ratio decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly increased from 2021 to 2022.
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Salesforce Inc. P/OP ratio decreased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Salesforce Inc. P/S ratio increased from 2020 to 2021 but then decreased significantly from 2021 to 2022.
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Salesforce Inc. P/BV ratio increased from 2020 to 2021 but then decreased significantly from 2021 to 2022.

Price to Earnings (P/E)

Salesforce Inc., historical P/E calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (US$)
Net income (in millions)
Earnings per share (EPS)2
Share price1, 3
Valuation Ratio
P/E ratio4
Benchmarks
P/E Ratio, Competitors5
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.
P/E Ratio, Sector
Software & Services
P/E Ratio, Industry
Information Technology

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 2022 Calculation
EPS = Net income ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ÷ =

3 Closing price as at the filing date of Salesforce Inc. Annual Report.

4 2022 Calculation
P/E ratio = Share price ÷ EPS
= ÷ =

5 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Salesforce Inc. P/E ratio decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly increased from 2021 to 2022.

Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)

Salesforce Inc., historical P/OP calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (US$)
Income from operations (in millions)
Operating profit per share2
Share price1, 3
Valuation Ratio
P/OP ratio4
Benchmarks
P/OP Ratio, Competitors5
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.
P/OP Ratio, Sector
Software & Services
P/OP Ratio, Industry
Information Technology

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 2022 Calculation
Operating profit per share = Income from operations ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ÷ =

3 Closing price as at the filing date of Salesforce Inc. Annual Report.

4 2022 Calculation
P/OP ratio = Share price ÷ Operating profit per share
= ÷ =

5 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Salesforce Inc. P/OP ratio decreased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.

Price to Sales (P/S)

Salesforce Inc., historical P/S calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (US$)
Revenues (in millions)
Sales per share2
Share price1, 3
Valuation Ratio
P/S ratio4
Benchmarks
P/S Ratio, Competitors5
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.
P/S Ratio, Sector
Software & Services
P/S Ratio, Industry
Information Technology

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 2022 Calculation
Sales per share = Revenues ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ÷ =

3 Closing price as at the filing date of Salesforce Inc. Annual Report.

4 2022 Calculation
P/S ratio = Share price ÷ Sales per share
= ÷ =

5 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Salesforce Inc. P/S ratio increased from 2020 to 2021 but then decreased significantly from 2021 to 2022.

Price to Book Value (P/BV)

Salesforce Inc., historical P/BV calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (US$)
Stockholders’ equity (in millions)
Book value per share (BVPS)2
Share price1, 3
Valuation Ratio
P/BV ratio4
Benchmarks
P/BV Ratio, Competitors5
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.
P/BV Ratio, Sector
Software & Services
P/BV Ratio, Industry
Information Technology

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 2022 Calculation
BVPS = Stockholders’ equity ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ÷ =

3 Closing price as at the filing date of Salesforce Inc. Annual Report.

4 2022 Calculation
P/BV ratio = Share price ÷ BVPS
= ÷ =

5 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Salesforce Inc. P/BV ratio increased from 2020 to 2021 but then decreased significantly from 2021 to 2022.