Stock Analysis on Net

Salesforce Inc. (NYSE:CRM)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

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Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Salesforce Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
Federal
State
Foreign
Current
Federal
State
Foreign
Deferred
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Salesforce Inc. current decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly increased from 2021 to 2022.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Salesforce Inc. deferred decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then increased from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Salesforce Inc. provision for (benefit from) income taxes decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then increased from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Salesforce Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
U.S. federal statutory tax rate
Effective tax rate

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

Item Description The company
Effective tax rate Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Salesforce Inc. effective tax rate decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly increased from 2021 to 2022.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Salesforce Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
Losses and deductions carryforward
Deferred stock-based expense
Tax credits
Deferred rent expense
Accrued liabilities
Intangible assets
Lease liabilities
Unearned revenue
Basis difference on strategic and other investments
Deferred cost sharing adjustment
Non-cash equity liability
Other
Deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance
Capitalized costs to obtain revenue contracts
Purchased intangible assets
Depreciation and amortization
Basis difference on strategic and other investments
Deferred revenue
Lease right-of-use assets
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Salesforce Inc. deferred tax assets increased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.
Deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Salesforce Inc. deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance increased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Salesforce Inc. net deferred tax assets (liabilities) increased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly decreased from 2021 to 2022.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Salesforce Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).


Salesforce Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Salesforce Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Salesforce Inc. adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Salesforce Inc. adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2020 to 2021 but then deteriorated significantly from 2021 to 2022.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Salesforce Inc. adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Salesforce Inc. adjusted ROE improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Salesforce Inc. adjusted ROA improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Salesforce Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

2022 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Salesforce Inc. adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

2022 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Salesforce Inc. adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2020 to 2021 but then deteriorated significantly from 2021 to 2022.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

2022 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Salesforce Inc. adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

2022 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Salesforce Inc. adjusted ROE improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2022 Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-01-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-01-31).

2022 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Salesforce Inc. adjusted ROA improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.