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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Adobe Inc. (ADBE)


Analysis of Income Taxes

Difficulty: Advanced


Income Tax Accounting Policy

Adobe uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, income tax expense is recognized for the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year. In addition, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and for operating losses and tax credit carryforwards. Adobe records a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to an amount for which realization is more likely than not.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Adobe Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
United States federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State and local hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
United States federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State and local hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Tax expense attributable to employee stock plans hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Provision for income taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Adobe Inc.’s current increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Adobe Inc.’s deferred increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Adobe Inc.’s provision for income taxes increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Adobe Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
U.S. federal statutory tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Effective income tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax rate Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Adobe Inc.’s effective income tax rate increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Adobe Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
Acquired technology hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Reserves and accruals hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stock-based compensation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net operating loss carryforwards of acquired companies hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Credit carryforwards hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Capitalized expenses hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benefits relating to tax positions hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Gross deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax asset valuation allowance hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Acquired intangible assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

Item Description The company
Gross deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Adobe Inc.’s gross deferred tax assets increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Adobe Inc.’s deferred tax assets increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Adobe Inc.’s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Adobe Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
Current deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Non-current deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

Item Description The company
Non-current deferred tax liabilities Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Adobe Inc.’s non-current deferred tax liabilities increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Adobe Inc., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).


Adobe Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Adobe Inc., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Adobe Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.

Adobe Inc., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

2018 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Adobe Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 30, 2018 Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-25), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-21).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Adobe Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.