Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Intuit Inc. (NASDAQ:INTU)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Income Taxes

Intuit estimates the income taxes based on the various jurisdictions where Intuit conducts business. Significant judgment is required in determining Intuit’s worldwide income tax provision. Intuit estimates the current tax liability and assess temporary differences that result from differing treatments of certain items for tax and accounting purposes. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which Intuit shows on the consolidated balance sheet. Intuit must then assess the likelihood that the deferred tax assets will be realized. To the extent Intuit believes that realization is not likely, Intuit establishes a valuation allowance. When Intuit establishes a valuation allowance or increases this allowance in an accounting period, Intuit records a corresponding income tax expense in the consolidated statement of operations.

Intuit reviews the need for a valuation allowance to reflect uncertainties about whether Intuit will be able to utilize some of the deferred tax assets before they expire. The valuation allowance analysis is based on the estimates of taxable income for the jurisdictions in which Intuit operates and the periods over which the deferred tax assets will be realizable. While Intuit has considered future taxable income in assessing the need for a valuation allowance for the periods presented, Intuit could be required to record a valuation allowance to take into account additional deferred tax assets that Intuit may be unable to realize. An increase in the valuation allowance would have an adverse impact, which could be material, on the income tax provision and net income in the period in which Intuit records the increase.

Intuit recognizes and measures benefits for uncertain tax positions using a two-step approach. The first step is to evaluate the tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon audit, including resolution of any related appeals or litigation processes. For tax positions that are more likely than not of being sustained upon audit, the second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. Significant judgment is required to evaluate uncertain tax positions. Intuit evaluates the uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. Intuit’s evaluations are based upon a number of factors, including changes in facts or circumstances, changes in tax law, correspondence with tax authorities during the course of audits and effective settlement of audit issues. Changes in the recognition or measurement of uncertain tax positions could result in material increases or decreases in the income tax expense in the period in which Intuit makes the change, which could have a material impact on the effective tax rate and operating results.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Intuit Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

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12 months ended Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
Federal
State
Foreign
Current
Federal
State
Foreign
Deferred
Provision for income taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Intuit Inc.’s current decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Intuit Inc.’s deferred increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Intuit Inc.’s provision for income taxes decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Intuit Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
U.S. federal statutory income tax rate
Annual effective tax rate, before Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (2017 Tax Act)
Annual effective tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

Item Description The company
Annual effective tax rate, before Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (2017 Tax Act) Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Intuit Inc.’s annual effective tax rate, before Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (2017 Tax Act) decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Intuit Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

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Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
Accruals and reserves not currently deductible
Deferred revenue
Deferred rent
Accrued and deferred compensation
Loss and tax credit carryforwards
Share-based compensation
Net basis difference in investments held for sale
Other, net
Gross deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets
Deferred revenue
Intangible assets
Property and equipment
Other, net
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

Item Description The company
Gross deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Intuit Inc.’s gross deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Intuit Inc.’s deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Intuit Inc.’s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Intuit Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in millions

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Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
Current deferred tax assets
Long-term deferred income taxes included in other assets
Long-term deferred income tax liabilities

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

Item Description The company
Long-term deferred income taxes included in other assets Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Intuit Inc.’s long-term deferred income taxes included in other assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Long-term deferred income tax liabilities Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Intuit Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

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Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Current assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).


Intuit Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Intuit Inc., adjusted financial ratios

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Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio
Adjusted current ratio
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted current ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Intuit Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Intuit Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

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Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

2019 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted current ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Net revenue
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Net revenue
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Net revenue
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Net revenue
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net revenue
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net revenue
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

2019 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net revenue ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net revenue ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Intuit Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 31, 2019 Jul 31, 2018 Jul 31, 2017 Jul 31, 2016 Jul 31, 2015 Jul 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-31), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-12).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Intuit Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.