Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net

Oracle Corp. (NYSE:ORCL)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

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Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Oracle Corp., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

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12 months ended: May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
Federal
State
Foreign
Current provision
Federal
State
Foreign
Deferred benefit
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

Item Description The company
Current provision Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Oracle Corp.’s current provision increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.
Deferred benefit Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Oracle Corp.’s deferred benefit increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Oracle Corp.’s provision for (benefit from) income taxes increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Oracle Corp., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
Federal statutory income tax rate
Effective income tax expense (benefit) rate, before impact of the Tax Act of 2017
Effective income tax expense (benefit) rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax expense (benefit) rate, before impact of the Tax Act of 2017 Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Oracle Corp.’s effective income tax expense (benefit) rate, before impact of the Tax Act of 2017 increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Oracle Corp., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
Accruals and allowances
Employee compensation and benefits
Differences in timing of revenue recognition
Lease liabilities
Basis of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets
Tax credit and net operating loss carryforwards
Deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets, net
Unrealized gain on stock
Acquired intangible assets
GILTI deferred
ROU assets
Withholding taxes on foreign earnings
Unremitted earnings
Basis of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Oracle Corp.’s deferred tax assets increased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.
Deferred tax assets, net Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Oracle Corp.’s deferred tax assets, net increased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Oracle Corp.’s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) increased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Oracle Corp., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in millions

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
Non-current deferred tax assets
Non-current deferred tax liabilities

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

Item Description The company
Non-current deferred tax assets Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Oracle Corp.’s non-current deferred tax assets increased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.
Non-current deferred tax liabilities Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Oracle Corp.’s non-current deferred tax liabilities decreased from 2019 to 2020 but then increased from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Oracle Corp., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Oracle Corporation Stockholders’ Equity
Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).


Oracle Corp., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Oracle Corp., adjusted financial ratios

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Oracle Corp.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Oracle Corp.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Oracle Corp.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.

Oracle Corp., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

2021 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Oracle Corp.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

2021 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Oracle Corp.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

2021 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =


Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

2021 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =


Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

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May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2020-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2019-06-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-06-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-06-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-06-22).

2021 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Oracle Corp.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.