# Oracle Corp. (NYSE:ORCL)

## Dividend Discount Model (DDM)

In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Dividends are the cleanest and most straightforward measure of cash flow because these are clearly cash flows that go directly to the investor.

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We accept:            ### Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)

Oracle Corp., dividends per share (DPS) forecast

US\$

Year Value DPSt or Terminal value (TVt) Calculation Present value at
0 DPS01
1 DPS1 = × (1 + )
2 DPS2 = × (1 + )
3 DPS3 = × (1 + )
4 DPS4 = × (1 + )
5 DPS5 = × (1 + )
5 Terminal value (TV5) = × (1 + ) ÷ ()
Intrinsic value of Oracle Corp. common stock (per share)
Current share price

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-05-31).

1 DPS0 = Sum of the last year dividends per share of Oracle Corp. common stock. See details »

Disclaimer!
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.

### Required Rate of Return (r)

 Assumptions Rate of return on LT Treasury Composite1 RF Expected rate of return on market portfolio2 E(RM) Systematic risk of Oracle Corp. common stock βORCL Required rate of return on Oracle Corp. common stock3 rORCL

1 Unweighted average of bid yields on all outstanding fixed-coupon U.S. Treasury bonds neither due or callable in less than 10 years (risk-free rate of return proxy).

3 rORCL = RF + βORCL [E(RM) – RF]
= + []
=

### Dividend Growth Rate (g)

#### Dividend growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model

Oracle Corp., PRAT model

Average May 31, 2022 May 31, 2021 May 31, 2020 May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017
Selected Financial Data (US\$ in millions)
Cash dividends declared
Net income
Revenues
Total assets
Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Financial Ratios
Retention rate1
Profit margin2
Asset turnover3
Financial leverage4
Averages
Retention rate
Profit margin
Asset turnover
Financial leverage

Dividend growth rate (g)5

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-05-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-05-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-05-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-05-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-05-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-05-31).

2022 Calculations

1 Retention rate = (Net income – Cash dividends declared) ÷ Net income
= () ÷
=

2 Profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷
=

3 Asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= ÷
=

4 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity (deficit)
= ÷
=

5 g = Retention rate × Profit margin × Asset turnover × Financial leverage
= × × ×
=

#### Dividend growth rate (g) implied by Gordon growth model

g = 100 × (P0 × rD0) ÷ (P0 + D0)
= 100 × ( × ) ÷ ( + )
=

where:
P0 = current price of share of Oracle Corp. common stock
D0 = the last year dividends per share of Oracle Corp. common stock
r = required rate of return on Oracle Corp. common stock

#### Dividend growth rate (g) forecast

Oracle Corp., H-model

Year Value gt
1 g1
2 g2
3 g3
4 g4
5 and thereafter g5

where:
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by Gordon growth model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5

Calculations

g2 = g1 + (g5g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=

g3 = g1 + (g5g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=

g4 = g1 + (g5g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=