Paying users zone. Data is covered by .

  • Get to Automatic Data Processing Inc. for $15.99, or

  • get to whole website for at least 3 months from $49.99.

 

$15.99

Economic Value Added (EVA)

Difficulty: Advanced

EVA is registered trademark of Stern Stewart.

Economic value added or economic profit is the difference between revenues and costs,where costs include not only expenses, but also cost of capital.


Economic Profit

Automatic Data Processing Inc., economic profit calculation

USD $ in thousands

 
12 months ended Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2012
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Cost of capital2 % % % % % %
Invested capital3
Economic profit4

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 NOPAT. See Details »

2 Cost of capital. See Details »

3 Invested capital. See Details »

4 Economic profit = NOPAT – Cost of capital × Invested capital
= % × =

Item Description The company
Economic profit Economic profit is a measure of corporate performance computed by taking the spread between the return on invested capital and the cost of capital, and multiplying by the invested capital. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s economic profit increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Top


Net Operating Profit after Taxes (NOPAT)

Automatic Data Processing Inc., NOPAT calculation

USD $ in thousands

 
12 months ended Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2012
Net earnings
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)1
Increase (decrease) in allowance for doubtful accounts2
Increase (decrease) in deferred revenues3
Increase (decrease) in equity equivalents4
Interest expense
Interest expense, operating lease obligations5
Adjusted interest expense
Tax benefit of interest expense6
Adjusted interest expense, after taxes7
(Gain) loss on marketable securities
Interest income on corporate funds
Investment income, before taxes
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income8
Investment income, after taxes9
(Income) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax10
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Elimination of deferred tax expense. See Details »

2 Addition of increase (decrease) in allowance for doubtful accounts.

3 Addition of increase (decrease) in deferred revenues.

4 Addition of increase (decrease) in equity equivalents to net earnings.

5 Addition of interest expense on capitalized operating leases. See Details »

6 Tax benefit of interest expense = Adjusted interest expense × Statutory income tax rate
= × 35% =

7 Addition of after taxes interest expense to net earnings.

8 Tax expense (benefit) of investment income = Investment income, before tax × Statutory income tax rate
= × 35% =

9 Elimination of after taxes investment income.

10 Elimination of discontinued operations.

Item Description The company
NOPAT Net operating profit after taxes is income from operations, but after removement of taxes calculated on cash basis that are relevant to operating income. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s NOPAT increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Top


Cash Operating Taxes

Automatic Data Processing Inc., cash operating taxes calculation

USD $ in thousands

 
12 months ended Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2012
Provision for income taxes
Less: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Add: Tax savings from interest expense
Less: Tax imposed on investment income
Cash operating taxes

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

Item Description The company
Cash operating taxes Cash operating taxes are estimated by adjusting income tax expense for changes in deferred taxes and tax benefit from the interest deduction. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s cash operating taxes increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Top


Invested Capital

Automatic Data Processing Inc., invested capital calculation (financing approach)

USD $ in thousands

 
Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2012
Obligations under reverse repurchase agreements
Obligations under commercial paper borrowings
Long-term debt
PV of operating lease payments1
Total reported debt & leases
Stockholders' equity
Net deferred tax (assets) liabilities2
Allowance for doubtful accounts3
Deferred revenues4
Equity equivalents5
Accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss, net of tax6
Adjusted stockholders' equity
Marketable securities7
Invested capital

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

1 Addition of capitalized operating leases. See Details »

2 Elimination of deferred taxes from assets and liabilities. See Details »

3 Addition of allowance for doubtful accounts receivable.

4 Addition of deferred revenues.

5 Addition of equity equivalents to stockholders' equity.

6 Removal of accumulated other comprehensive income.

7 Subtraction of marketable securities.

Item Description The company
Invested capital Capital is an approximation of the economic book value of all cash invested in going-concern business activities. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s invested capital increased from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly declined from 2016 to 2017.

Top


Cost of Capital

Automatic Data Processing Inc., cost of capital calculations

Fair Value1 Weights Cost of Capital
Equity2 ÷ = × % = %
Debt3 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
PV of operating lease payments4 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
Total: %

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

1 USD $ in thousands

2 Equity. See Details »

3 Debt. See Details »

4 PV of operating lease payments. See Details »

Fair Value1 Weights Cost of Capital
Equity2 ÷ = × % = %
Debt3 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
PV of operating lease payments4 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
Total: %

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

1 USD $ in thousands

2 Equity. See Details »

3 Debt. See Details »

4 PV of operating lease payments. See Details »

Fair Value1 Weights Cost of Capital
Equity2 ÷ = × % = %
Debt3 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
PV of operating lease payments4 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
Total: %

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

1 USD $ in thousands

2 Equity. See Details »

3 Debt. See Details »

4 PV of operating lease payments. See Details »

Fair Value1 Weights Cost of Capital
Equity2 ÷ = × % = %
Debt3 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
PV of operating lease payments4 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
Total: %

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

1 USD $ in thousands

2 Equity. See Details »

3 Debt. See Details »

4 PV of operating lease payments. See Details »

Fair Value1 Weights Cost of Capital
Equity2 ÷ = × % = %
Debt3 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
PV of operating lease payments4 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
Total: %

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

1 USD $ in thousands

2 Equity. See Details »

3 Debt. See Details »

4 PV of operating lease payments. See Details »

Fair Value1 Weights Cost of Capital
Equity2 ÷ = × % = %
Debt3 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
PV of operating lease payments4 ÷ = × % × (1 – 35%) = %
Total: %

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

1 USD $ in thousands

2 Equity. See Details »

3 Debt. See Details »

4 PV of operating lease payments. See Details »

Top


Economic Spread

Automatic Data Processing Inc., economic spread calculation

 
Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Economic profit1
Invested capital2
Ratio
Economic spread3 % % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Economic profit. See Details »

2 Invested capital. See Details »

3 Economic spread = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Economic spread The ratio of economic profit to invested capital, also equal to the difference between return on invested capital (ROIC) and cost of capital. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s economic spread deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Top


Economic Profit Margin

Automatic Data Processing Inc., economic profit margin calculation

 
Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Economic profit1
Revenues
Increase (decrease) in deferred revenues
Ratio
Economic profit margin2 % % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Automatic Data Processing Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Economic profit. See Details »

2 Economic profit margin = 100 × Economic profit ÷ (Revenues + Change in deferred revenues)
= 100 × ÷ ( + ) = %

Ratio Description The company
Economic profit margin The ratio of economic profit to sales. It is the company's profit margin covering income efficiency and asset management. Economic profit margin is not biased in favor of capital-intensive business models, because any added capital is a cost to the economic profit margin. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s economic profit margin improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Top