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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Automatic Data Processing Inc. (ADP)


Analysis of Income Taxes

High level of difficulty


Accounting Policy on Income Taxes

The objectives of accounting for income taxes are to recognize the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in an entity’s financial statements or tax returns. Judgment is required in addressing the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in ADP’s Consolidated Financial Statements or tax returns (e.g., realization of deferred tax assets, changes in tax laws or interpretations thereof). ADP is subject to the continuous examination of the income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and other tax authorities. A change in the assessment of the outcomes of such matters could materially impact ADP’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

There is a financial statement recognition threshold and measurement attribute for tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. Specifically, the likelihood of an entity’s tax benefits being sustained must be “more likely than not,” assuming that these positions will be examined by taxing authorities with full knowledge of all relevant information prior to recording the related tax benefit in the financial statements. If a tax position drops below the “more likely than not” standard, the benefit can no longer be recognized. Assumptions, judgment, and the use of estimates are required in determining if the “more likely than not” standard has been met when developing the provision for income taxes. As of June 30, 2019 and 2018, ADP’s liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits, which include interest and penalties, were $54.2 million and $45.2 million, respectively.

If certain pending tax matters settle within the next twelve months, the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits may increase or decrease for all open tax years and jurisdictions. Based on current estimates, favorable settlements related to various jurisdictions and tax periods could increase earnings by up to $3 million and expected cash payments could be up to $10 million in the next twelve months. The liability related to cash payments expected to be paid within the next 12 months has been reclassified from other liabilities to current liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Audit outcomes and the timing of audit settlements are subject to significant uncertainty. ADP continually assesses the likelihood and amount of potential adjustments and adjusts the income tax provision, the current tax liability, and deferred taxes in the period in which the facts that give rise to a revision become known.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Automatic Data Processing Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Provision for income taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s current declined from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s deferred declined from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s provision for income taxes declined from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Automatic Data Processing Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
U.S. federal statutory tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State taxes, net of federal tax benefit hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
U.S. tax on foreign income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Utilization of foreign tax credits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Section 199, Qualified production activities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Section 199, Qualified production activities and research tax credit refund claim, net of reserves hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Resolution of tax matters, Section 199 Qualified production activities and research tax credit refund claim hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign rate differential hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Excess tax benefit, Stock-based compensation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Effective tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

Item Description The company
Effective tax rate Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s effective tax rate declined from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Automatic Data Processing Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Accrued expenses not currently deductible hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stock-based compensation expense hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign tax credits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net operating losses hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Unrealized investment losses, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Retirement Benefits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Valuation allowances hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Prepaid retirement benefits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Fixed and intangible assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Prepaid expenses hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Unrealized investment gains, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Tax on unrepatriated earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s deferred tax assets declined from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred tax assets, net Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s deferred tax assets, net declined from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) increased from 2017 to 2018 but then declined significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Automatic Data Processing Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Current deferred tax assets (included in Other current assets) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current deferred tax liabilities (included in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Long-term deferred tax assets (included in Other assets) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Long-term deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

Item Description The company
Long-term deferred tax assets (included in Other assets) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s long-term deferred tax assets (included in Other assets) declined from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Long-term deferred tax liabilities Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s long-term deferred tax liabilities declined from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Automatic Data Processing Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Current Liabilities
Current liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Earnings
Net earnings (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net earnings (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).


Automatic Data Processing Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Automatic Data Processing Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 but then declined significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Automatic Data Processing Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

2019 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Adjusted current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

2019 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 but then declined significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.