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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Analysis of Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Difficulty: Advanced


Goodwill and Intangible Assets Accounting Policy

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price over the value assigned to the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets of businesses acquired. Goodwill is tested annually for impairment or more frequently when an event or circumstance indicates that goodwill might be impaired.

ADP's annual goodwill impairment assessment as of June 30, 2018 was performed for all reporting units using a quantitative approach by comparing the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. ADP estimated the fair value of each reporting unit using, as appropriate, the income approach, which is derived using the present value of future cash flows discounted at a risk-adjusted weighted-average cost of capital, and the market approach, which is based upon using market multiples of companies in similar lines of business. Significant assumptions used in determining the fair value of ADP's reporting units include projected revenue growth rates, profitability projections, working capital assumptions, the weighted average cost of capital, the determination of appropriate market comparison companies, and terminal growth rates. Several of these assumptions including projected revenue growth rates and profitability projections are dependent on ADP's ability to upgrade, enhance, and expand the technology and services to meet client needs and preferences. As such, the determination of fair value requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions related to forecasts of future revenue and operating margins. Based upon the quantitative assessment, ADP has concluded that goodwill is not impaired.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03).


Goodwill and Intangible Assets Disclosure

Automatic Data Processing Inc., Statement of Financial Position, Goodwill and Intangible Assets

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
Software and software licenses hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Customer contracts and lists hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other intangibles hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intangible assets, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accumulated amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intangible assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Goodwill and intangible assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19).

Item Description The company
Intangible assets, net Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, excluding goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s intangible assets, net increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Goodwill Carrying amount as of the balance sheet date, which is the cumulative amount paid and (if applicable) the fair value of any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree, adjusted for any amortization recognized prior to the adoption of any changes in generally accepted accounting principles (as applicable) and for any impairment charges, in excess of the fair value of net assets acquired in one or more business combination transactions. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s goodwill increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Goodwill and intangible assets, net Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, including goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s goodwill and intangible assets, net increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Goodwill

Automatic Data Processing Inc., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Stockholders' Equity
Stockholders' equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Earnings
Net earnings (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Goodwill impairment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net earnings (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19).


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Goodwill (Summary)

Automatic Data Processing Inc., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Net earnings (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Adjusted net earnings (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Revenues (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Revenues (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Total assets (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders' equity (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Net earnings (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Adjusted net earnings (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders' equity (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Stockholders' equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Adjusted stockholders' equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2013
As Reported
Net earnings (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Adjusted net earnings (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.