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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

salesforce.com inc. (CRM)


Financial Reporting Quality: Aggregate Accruals

Advanced level

Earnings can be decomposed into cash and accrual components. The accrual component (aggregate accruals) has been found to have less persistence than the cash component, and therefore (1) earnings with higher accrual component are less persistent than earnings with smaller accrual component, all else equal; and (2) the cash component of earnings should receive a higher weighting evaluating company performance.


Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio

salesforce.com inc., balance sheet computation of aggregate accruals

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Operating Assets
Total assets
Less: Cash and cash equivalents
Less: Marketable securities
Operating assets
Operating Liabilities
Total liabilities
Less: Current portion of debt
Less: Noncurrent debt, excluding current portion
Operating liabilities
 
Net operating assets1
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals2
Financial Ratio
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio3
Benchmarks
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors4
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-07), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-05).

1 2019 Calculation
Net operating assets = Operating assets – Operating liabilities
= =

2 2019 Calculation
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals = Net operating assets2019 – Net operating assets2018
= =

3 2019 Calculation
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio = 100 × Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × ÷ [( + ) ÷ 2] =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Financial ratio Description The company
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the balance-sheet-based accruals ratio, salesforce.com inc. deteriorated earnings quality from 2018 to 2019.

Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio

salesforce.com inc., cash flow statement computation of aggregate accruals

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Net income (loss)
Less: Net cash provided by operating activities
Less: Net cash used in investing activities
Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals
Financial Ratio
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio1
Benchmarks
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-07), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-05).

1 2019 Calculation
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio = 100 × Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × ÷ [( + ) ÷ 2] =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Financial ratio Description The company
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio, salesforce.com inc. deteriorated earnings quality from 2018 to 2019.