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Profitability Analysis
Quarterly Data

Difficulty: Beginner

Profitability ratios measure the company's ability to generate profitable sales from its resources (assets).


Ratios (Summary)

Automatic Data Processing Inc., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on assets (ROA) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-02-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2012-11-02).

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s gross profit margin improved from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 and from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s operating profit margin improved from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 and from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 but then slightly improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s ROE improved from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s ROA improved from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 and from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.

Gross Profit Margin

Automatic Data Processing Inc., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Gross profit from continuing operations hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-02-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2012-11-02).

Q1 2019 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross profit from continuing operationsQ1 2019 + Gross profit from continuing operationsQ4 2018 + Gross profit from continuing operationsQ3 2018 + Gross profit from continuing operationsQ2 2018) ÷ (RevenuesQ1 2019 + RevenuesQ4 2018 + RevenuesQ3 2018 + RevenuesQ2 2018)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s gross profit margin improved from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 and from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.

Operating Profit Margin

Automatic Data Processing Inc., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Operating income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-02-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2012-11-02).

Q1 2019 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating incomeQ1 2019 + Operating incomeQ4 2018 + Operating incomeQ3 2018 + Operating incomeQ2 2018) ÷ (RevenuesQ1 2019 + RevenuesQ4 2018 + RevenuesQ3 2018 + RevenuesQ2 2018)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s operating profit margin improved from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 and from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.

Net Profit Margin

Automatic Data Processing Inc., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-02-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2012-11-02).

Q1 2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × (Net earningsQ1 2019 + Net earningsQ4 2018 + Net earningsQ3 2018 + Net earningsQ2 2018) ÷ (RevenuesQ1 2019 + RevenuesQ4 2018 + RevenuesQ3 2018 + RevenuesQ2 2018)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 but then slightly improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.

Return on Equity (ROE)

Automatic Data Processing Inc., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-02-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2012-11-02).

Q1 2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × (Net earningsQ1 2019 + Net earningsQ4 2018 + Net earningsQ3 2018 + Net earningsQ2 2018) ÷ Stockholders' equity
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s ROE improved from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.

Return on Assets (ROA)

Automatic Data Processing Inc., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2018-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-02-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-K (filing date: 2015-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-02-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-08-19), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-02-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2012-11-02).

Q1 2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × (Net earningsQ1 2019 + Net earningsQ4 2018 + Net earningsQ3 2018 + Net earningsQ2 2018) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Automatic Data Processing Inc.'s ROA improved from Q3 2018 to Q4 2018 and from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019.