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International Business Machines Corp. (IBM)


Profitability Analysis
Quarterly Data

Difficulty: Beginner


Ratios (Summary)

International Business Machines Corp., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on assets (ROA) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-04-29).

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. International Business Machines Corp.’s gross profit margin improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 and from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.’s operating profit margin improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 but then deteriorated significantly from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.’s net profit margin improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 and from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. International Business Machines Corp.’s ROE improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 but then deteriorated significantly from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. International Business Machines Corp.’s ROA deteriorated from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 and from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.

Gross Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Gross profit hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors2
Adobe Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alphabet Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Facebook Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intuit Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Microsoft Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Oracle Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
salesforce.com inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-04-29).

1 Q2 2019 Calculation
Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross profitQ2 2019 + Gross profitQ1 2019 + Gross profitQ4 2018 + Gross profitQ3 2018) ÷ (RevenueQ2 2019 + RevenueQ1 2019 + RevenueQ4 2018 + RevenueQ3 2018)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. International Business Machines Corp.’s gross profit margin improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 and from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.

Operating Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Operating income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors2
Adobe Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alphabet Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Facebook Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intuit Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Microsoft Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Oracle Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
salesforce.com inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-04-29).

1 Q2 2019 Calculation
Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating incomeQ2 2019 + Operating incomeQ1 2019 + Operating incomeQ4 2018 + Operating incomeQ3 2018) ÷ (RevenueQ2 2019 + RevenueQ1 2019 + RevenueQ4 2018 + RevenueQ3 2018)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.’s operating profit margin improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 but then deteriorated significantly from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.

Net Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors2
Adobe Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alphabet Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Facebook Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intuit Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Microsoft Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Oracle Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
salesforce.com inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-04-29).

1 Q2 2019 Calculation
Net profit margin = 100 × (Net incomeQ2 2019 + Net incomeQ1 2019 + Net incomeQ4 2018 + Net incomeQ3 2018) ÷ (RevenueQ2 2019 + RevenueQ1 2019 + RevenueQ4 2018 + RevenueQ3 2018)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.’s net profit margin improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 and from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.

Return on Equity (ROE)

International Business Machines Corp., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total IBM stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors2
Adobe Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alphabet Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Facebook Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intuit Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Microsoft Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Oracle Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
salesforce.com inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-04-29).

1 Q2 2019 Calculation
ROE = 100 × (Net incomeQ2 2019 + Net incomeQ1 2019 + Net incomeQ4 2018 + Net incomeQ3 2018) ÷ Total IBM stockholders’ equity
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. International Business Machines Corp.’s ROE improved from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 but then deteriorated significantly from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.

Return on Assets (ROA)

International Business Machines Corp., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors2
Adobe Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alphabet Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Facebook Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intuit Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Microsoft Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Oracle Corp. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
salesforce.com inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-04-29).

1 Q2 2019 Calculation
ROA = 100 × (Net incomeQ2 2019 + Net incomeQ1 2019 + Net incomeQ4 2018 + Net incomeQ3 2018) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. International Business Machines Corp.’s ROA deteriorated from Q4 2018 to Q1 2019 and from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019.