Stock Analysis on Net

International Business Machines Corp. (NYSE:IBM)

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Analysis of Profitability Ratios
Quarterly Data

Microsoft Excel

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Profitability Ratios (Summary)

International Business Machines Corp., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2022 Mar 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Sep 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021 Mar 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Sep 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin
Operating profit margin
Net profit margin
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE)
Return on assets (ROA)

Based on: 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-03-31).

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. International Business Machines Corp. gross profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 and from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp. operating profit margin ratio improved from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 and from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp. net profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 and from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. International Business Machines Corp. ROE deteriorated from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 and from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. International Business Machines Corp. ROA deteriorated from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 but then improved from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022 exceeding Q4 2021 level.

Gross Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2022 Mar 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Sep 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021 Mar 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Sep 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Gross profit
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Gross profit margin1
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors2
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-03-31).

1 Q2 2022 Calculation
Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross profitQ2 2022 + Gross profitQ1 2022 + Gross profitQ4 2021 + Gross profitQ3 2021) ÷ (RevenueQ2 2022 + RevenueQ1 2022 + RevenueQ4 2021 + RevenueQ3 2021)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. International Business Machines Corp. gross profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 and from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022.

Operating Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2022 Mar 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Sep 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021 Mar 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Sep 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Operating income
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Operating profit margin1
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors2
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-03-31).

1 Q2 2022 Calculation
Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating incomeQ2 2022 + Operating incomeQ1 2022 + Operating incomeQ4 2021 + Operating incomeQ3 2021) ÷ (RevenueQ2 2022 + RevenueQ1 2022 + RevenueQ4 2021 + RevenueQ3 2021)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp. operating profit margin ratio improved from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 and from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022.

Net Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2022 Mar 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Sep 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021 Mar 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Sep 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors2
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-03-31).

1 Q2 2022 Calculation
Net profit margin = 100 × (Net incomeQ2 2022 + Net incomeQ1 2022 + Net incomeQ4 2021 + Net incomeQ3 2021) ÷ (RevenueQ2 2022 + RevenueQ1 2022 + RevenueQ4 2021 + RevenueQ3 2021)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp. net profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 and from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022.

Return on Equity (ROE)

International Business Machines Corp., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2022 Mar 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Sep 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021 Mar 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Sep 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total IBM stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors2
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-03-31).

1 Q2 2022 Calculation
ROE = 100 × (Net incomeQ2 2022 + Net incomeQ1 2022 + Net incomeQ4 2021 + Net incomeQ3 2021) ÷ Total IBM stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. International Business Machines Corp. ROE deteriorated from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 and from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022.

Return on Assets (ROA)

International Business Machines Corp., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel
Jun 30, 2022 Mar 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Sep 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2021 Mar 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Sep 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors2
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2022-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2021-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2020-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2019-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2018-03-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-09-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-06-30), 10-Q (reporting date: 2017-03-31).

1 Q2 2022 Calculation
ROA = 100 × (Net incomeQ2 2022 + Net incomeQ1 2022 + Net incomeQ4 2021 + Net incomeQ3 2021) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. International Business Machines Corp. ROA deteriorated from Q4 2021 to Q1 2022 but then improved from Q1 2022 to Q2 2022 exceeding Q4 2021 level.