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International Business Machines Corp. (IBM)


Analysis of Profitability Ratios
Quarterly Data

Beginner level


Profitability Ratios (Summary)

International Business Machines Corp., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin
Operating profit margin
Net profit margin
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE)
Return on assets (ROA)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28).

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. International Business Machines Corp.’s gross profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 exceeding Q2 2019 level.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.’s operating profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.’s net profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 exceeding Q2 2019 level.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. International Business Machines Corp.’s ROE deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then slightly improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. International Business Machines Corp.’s ROA deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 exceeding Q2 2019 level.

Gross Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Gross profit
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Gross profit margin1
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross profitQ4 2019 + Gross profitQ3 2019 + Gross profitQ2 2019 + Gross profitQ1 2019) ÷ (RevenueQ4 2019 + RevenueQ3 2019 + RevenueQ2 2019 + RevenueQ1 2019)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. International Business Machines Corp.’s gross profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 exceeding Q2 2019 level.

Operating Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Operating income
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Operating profit margin1
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating incomeQ4 2019 + Operating incomeQ3 2019 + Operating incomeQ2 2019 + Operating incomeQ1 2019) ÷ (RevenueQ4 2019 + RevenueQ3 2019 + RevenueQ2 2019 + RevenueQ1 2019)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.’s operating profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Net Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
Net profit margin = 100 × (Net incomeQ4 2019 + Net incomeQ3 2019 + Net incomeQ2 2019 + Net incomeQ1 2019) ÷ (RevenueQ4 2019 + RevenueQ3 2019 + RevenueQ2 2019 + RevenueQ1 2019)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.’s net profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 exceeding Q2 2019 level.

Return on Equity (ROE)

International Business Machines Corp., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total IBM stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
ROE = 100 × (Net incomeQ4 2019 + Net incomeQ3 2019 + Net incomeQ2 2019 + Net incomeQ1 2019) ÷ Total IBM stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. International Business Machines Corp.’s ROE deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then slightly improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Return on Assets (ROA)

International Business Machines Corp., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-07-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-04-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-24), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-25), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-28).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
ROA = 100 × (Net incomeQ4 2019 + Net incomeQ3 2019 + Net incomeQ2 2019 + Net incomeQ1 2019) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. International Business Machines Corp.’s ROA deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 exceeding Q2 2019 level.