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Ratios (Summary)

International Business Machines Corp., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

 
Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Operating profit margin % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Net profit margin % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Return on assets (ROA) % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from International Business Machines Corp. Quarterly and Annual Reports
Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. International Business Machines Corp.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.'s operating profit margin deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.'s net profit margin deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. International Business Machines Corp.'s ROE deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. International Business Machines Corp.'s ROA deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.

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Gross Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

 
Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross profit
Revenue
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from International Business Machines Corp. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q3 2017 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross profitQ3 2017 + Gross profitQ2 2017 + Gross profitQ1 2017 + Gross profitQ4 2016) ÷ (RevenueQ3 2017 + RevenueQ2 2017 + RevenueQ1 2017 + RevenueQ4 2016)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) = %

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. International Business Machines Corp.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.

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Operating Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

 
Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating income
Revenue
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from International Business Machines Corp. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q3 2017 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating incomeQ3 2017 + Operating incomeQ2 2017 + Operating incomeQ1 2017 + Operating incomeQ4 2016) ÷ (RevenueQ3 2017 + RevenueQ2 2017 + RevenueQ1 2017 + RevenueQ4 2016)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) = %

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.'s operating profit margin deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.

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Net Profit Margin

International Business Machines Corp., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

 
Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income
Revenue
Ratio
Net profit margin1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from International Business Machines Corp. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q3 2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × (Net incomeQ3 2017 + Net incomeQ2 2017 + Net incomeQ1 2017 + Net incomeQ4 2016) ÷ (RevenueQ3 2017 + RevenueQ2 2017 + RevenueQ1 2017 + RevenueQ4 2016)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) = %

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. International Business Machines Corp.'s net profit margin deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.

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Return on Equity (ROE)

International Business Machines Corp., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

 
Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income
Total IBM stockholders' equity
Ratio
ROE1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from International Business Machines Corp. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q3 2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × (Net incomeQ3 2017 + Net incomeQ2 2017 + Net incomeQ1 2017 + Net incomeQ4 2016) ÷ Total IBM stockholders' equity
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. International Business Machines Corp.'s ROE deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.

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Return on Assets (ROA)

International Business Machines Corp., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

 
Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013 Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Ratio
ROA1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from International Business Machines Corp. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q3 2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × (Net incomeQ3 2017 + Net incomeQ2 2017 + Net incomeQ1 2017 + Net incomeQ4 2016) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. International Business Machines Corp.'s ROA deteriorated from Q1 2017 to Q2 2017 and from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017.

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