Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

International Business Machines Corp. (NYSE:IBM)

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Analysis of Short-term (Operating) Activity Ratios

Beginner level

Short-term Activity Ratios (Summary)

International Business Machines Corp., short-term (operating) activity ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Turnover Ratios
Inventory turnover
Receivables turnover
Payables turnover
Working capital turnover
Average No. Days
Average inventory processing period
Add: Average receivable collection period
Operating cycle
Less: Average payables payment period
Cash conversion cycle

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Inventory turnover An activity ratio calculated as cost of goods sold divided by inventory. International Business Machines Corp.’s inventory turnover ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Receivables turnover An activity ratio equal to revenue divided by receivables. International Business Machines Corp.’s receivables turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.
Payables turnover An activity ratio calculated as cost of goods sold divided by payables. International Business Machines Corp.’s payables turnover ratio decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Working capital turnover An activity ratio calculated as revenue divided by working capital. International Business Machines Corp.’s working capital turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Average inventory processing period An activity ratio equal to the number of days in the period divided by inventory turnover over the period. International Business Machines Corp.’s number of days of inventory outstanding deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Average receivable collection period An activity ratio equal to the number of days in the period divided by receivables turnover. International Business Machines Corp.’s number of days of receivables outstanding improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.
Operating cycle Equal to average inventory processing period plus average receivables collection period. International Business Machines Corp.’s operating cycle improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Average payables payment period An estimate of the average number of days it takes a company to pay its suppliers; equal to the number of days in the period divided by payables turnover ratio for the period. International Business Machines Corp.’s number of days of payables outstanding increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Cash conversion cycle A financial metric that measures the length of time required for a company to convert cash invested in its operations to cash received as a result of its operations; equal to average inventory processing period plus average receivables collection period minus average payables payment period. International Business Machines Corp.’s cash conversion cycle improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Inventory Turnover

International Business Machines Corp., inventory turnover calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Cost
Inventory
Short-term Activity Ratio
Inventory turnover1
Benchmarks
Inventory Turnover, Competitors2
Alphabet Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
Inventory Turnover, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Inventory Turnover, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Inventory turnover = Cost ÷ Inventory
= ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Inventory turnover An activity ratio calculated as cost of goods sold divided by inventory. International Business Machines Corp.’s inventory turnover ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Receivables Turnover

International Business Machines Corp., receivables turnover calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenue
Notes and accounts receivable, trade, net of allowances
Short-term Activity Ratio
Receivables turnover1
Benchmarks
Receivables Turnover, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Receivables Turnover, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Receivables Turnover, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Receivables turnover = Revenue ÷ Notes and accounts receivable, trade, net of allowances
= ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Receivables turnover An activity ratio equal to revenue divided by receivables. International Business Machines Corp.’s receivables turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.

Payables Turnover

International Business Machines Corp., payables turnover calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Cost
Accounts payable
Short-term Activity Ratio
Payables turnover1
Benchmarks
Payables Turnover, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Payables Turnover, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Payables Turnover, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Payables turnover = Cost ÷ Accounts payable
= ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Payables turnover An activity ratio calculated as cost of goods sold divided by payables. International Business Machines Corp.’s payables turnover ratio decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Working Capital Turnover

International Business Machines Corp., working capital turnover calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets
Less: Current liabilities
Working capital
 
Revenue
Short-term Activity Ratio
Working capital turnover1
Benchmarks
Working Capital Turnover, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Working Capital Turnover, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Working Capital Turnover, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Working capital turnover = Revenue ÷ Working capital
= ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Working capital turnover An activity ratio calculated as revenue divided by working capital. International Business Machines Corp.’s working capital turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Average Inventory Processing Period

International Business Machines Corp., average inventory processing period calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data
Inventory turnover
Short-term Activity Ratio (no. days)
Average inventory processing period1
Benchmarks (no. days)
Average Inventory Processing Period, Competitors2
Alphabet Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
Average Inventory Processing Period, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Average Inventory Processing Period, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Average inventory processing period = 365 ÷ Inventory turnover
= 365 ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Average inventory processing period An activity ratio equal to the number of days in the period divided by inventory turnover over the period. International Business Machines Corp.’s number of days of inventory outstanding deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Average Receivable Collection Period

International Business Machines Corp., average receivable collection period calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data
Receivables turnover
Short-term Activity Ratio (no. days)
Average receivable collection period1
Benchmarks (no. days)
Average Receivable Collection Period, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Average Receivable Collection Period, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Average Receivable Collection Period, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Average receivable collection period = 365 ÷ Receivables turnover
= 365 ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Average receivable collection period An activity ratio equal to the number of days in the period divided by receivables turnover. International Business Machines Corp.’s number of days of receivables outstanding improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.

Operating Cycle

International Business Machines Corp., operating cycle calculation, comparison to benchmarks

No. days

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data
Average inventory processing period
Average receivable collection period
Short-term Activity Ratio
Operating cycle1
Benchmarks
Operating Cycle, Competitors2
Alphabet Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
Operating Cycle, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Operating Cycle, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Operating cycle = Average inventory processing period + Average receivable collection period
= + =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Operating cycle Equal to average inventory processing period plus average receivables collection period. International Business Machines Corp.’s operating cycle improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Average Payables Payment Period

International Business Machines Corp., average payables payment period calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data
Payables turnover
Short-term Activity Ratio (no. days)
Average payables payment period1
Benchmarks (no. days)
Average Payables Payment Period, Competitors2
Adobe Inc.
Alphabet Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Facebook Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
salesforce.com inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Average Payables Payment Period, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Average Payables Payment Period, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Average payables payment period = 365 ÷ Payables turnover
= 365 ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Average payables payment period An estimate of the average number of days it takes a company to pay its suppliers; equal to the number of days in the period divided by payables turnover ratio for the period. International Business Machines Corp.’s number of days of payables outstanding increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Cash Conversion Cycle

International Business Machines Corp., cash conversion cycle calculation, comparison to benchmarks

No. days

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data
Average inventory processing period
Average receivable collection period
Average payables payment period
Short-term Activity Ratio
Cash conversion cycle1
Benchmarks
Cash Conversion Cycle, Competitors2
Alphabet Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
Cash Conversion Cycle, Sector
Software & Computer Services
Cash Conversion Cycle, Industry
Technology

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23).

1 2019 Calculation
Cash conversion cycle = Average inventory processing period + Average receivable collection period – Average payables payment period
= + =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Short-term activity ratio Description The company
Cash conversion cycle A financial metric that measures the length of time required for a company to convert cash invested in its operations to cash received as a result of its operations; equal to average inventory processing period plus average receivables collection period minus average payables payment period. International Business Machines Corp.’s cash conversion cycle improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.