Stock Analysis on Net

International Business Machines Corp. (NYSE:IBM)

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Enterprise Value to EBITDA (EV/EBITDA)

Microsoft Excel

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Earnings before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA)

International Business Machines Corp., EBITDA calculation

US$ in millions

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12 months ended: Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
Net income attributable to IBM
Add: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
Less: Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
Add: Income tax expense
Earnings before tax (EBT)
Add: Interest expense
Earnings before interest and tax (EBIT)
Add: Depreciation
Add: Amortization of intangibles
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

Item Description The company
EBITDA To calculate EBITDA analysts start with net earnings. To that earnings number, interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization are added. EBITDA as a pre-interest number is a flow to all providers of capital. International Business Machines Corp. EBITDA decreased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.

Enterprise Value to EBITDA Ratio, Current

International Business Machines Corp., current EV/EBITDA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Enterprise value (EV)
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
Valuation Ratio
EV/EBITDA
Benchmarks
EV/EBITDA, Competitors1
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.
EV/EBITDA, Sector
Software & Services
EV/EBITDA, Industry
Information Technology

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31).

1 Click competitor name to see calculations.

If the company EV/EBITDA is lower then the EV/EBITDA of benchmark then company is relatively undervalued.
Otherwise, if the company EV/EBITDA is higher then the EV/EBITDA of benchmark then company is relatively overvalued.


Enterprise Value to EBITDA Ratio, Historical

International Business Machines Corp., historical EV/EBITDA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Enterprise value (EV)1
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)2
Valuation Ratio
EV/EBITDA3
Benchmarks
EV/EBITDA, Competitors4
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
Salesforce Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.
EV/EBITDA, Sector
Software & Services
EV/EBITDA, Industry
Information Technology

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

1 See details »

2 See details »

3 2021 Calculation
EV/EBITDA = EV ÷ EBITDA
= ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
EV/EBITDA Enterprise value to earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization is a valuation indicator for the overall company rather than common stock. International Business Machines Corp. EV/EBITDA ratio increased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.