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International Business Machines Corp. (IBM)


Balance Sheet: Assets

Low level of difficulty

The balance sheet provides creditors, investors, and analysts with information on company’s resources (assets) and its sources of capital (its equity and liabilities). It normally also provides information about the future earnings capacity of a company’s assets as well as an indication of cash flows that may come from receivables and inventories.

Assets are resources controlled by the company as a result of past events and from which future economic benefits are expected to flow to the entity.

International Business Machines Corp., consolidated balance sheet: assets

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Cash and cash equivalents hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Restricted cash hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Marketable securities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Notes and accounts receivable, trade, net of allowances hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Short-term financing receivables, net of allowances hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other accounts receivable, net of allowances hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred costs hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Prepaid expenses and other current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property, plant and equipment, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Long-term financing receivables, net of allowances hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Prepaid pension assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred costs hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intangible assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Derivatives, noncurrent hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alliance investments, equity method hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Alliance investments, non-equity method hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Long-term deposits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other receivables hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Employee benefit-related hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Prepaid income taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Investments and sundry assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Noncurrent assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-24).


Assets: Selected Items

Balance sheet item Description The company
Current assets Sum of the carrying amounts as of the balance sheet date of all assets that are expected to be realized in cash, sold, or consumed within one year (or the normal operating cycle, if longer). Assets are probable future economic benefits obtained or controlled by an entity as a result of past transactions or events. International Business Machines Corp.’s current assets increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018.
Property, plant and equipment, net Amount after accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business to produce goods and services and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. International Business Machines Corp.’s property, plant and equipment, net increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Noncurrent assets Sum of the carrying amounts as of the balance sheet date of all assets that are expected to be realized in cash, sold or consumed after one year or beyond the normal operating cycle, if longer. International Business Machines Corp.’s noncurrent assets increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Total assets Sum of the carrying amounts as of the balance sheet date of all assets that are recognized. Assets are probable future economic benefits obtained or controlled by an entity as a result of past transactions or events. International Business Machines Corp.’s total assets increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018.

Current Assets: Selected Items

Balance sheet item Description The company
Cash and cash equivalents Amount of currency on hand as well as demand deposits with banks or financial institutions. Includes other kinds of accounts that have the general characteristics of demand deposits. Also includes short-term, highly liquid investments that are both readily convertible to known amounts of cash and so near their maturity that they present insignificant risk of changes in value because of changes in interest rates. Excludes cash and cash equivalents within disposal group and discontinued operation. International Business Machines Corp.’s cash and cash equivalents increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018.
Marketable securities Amount of investment in marketable security, classified as current. International Business Machines Corp.’s marketable securities declined from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly increased from 2017 to 2018.
Notes and accounts receivable, trade, net of allowances The aggregate of amounts due from customers or clients, within one year of the balance sheet date (or one operating cycle, if longer), for goods or services that have been delivered or sold in the normal course of business and an amount representing an agreement for an unconditional promise by the maker to pay the entity (holder) a definite sum of money at a future date within one year of the balance sheet, reduced to their estimated net realizable fair value by an allowance established by the entity of the amount it deems uncertain of collection and net of any write-downs taken for collection uncertainty on the part of the holder, respectively. International Business Machines Corp.’s notes and accounts receivable, trade, net of allowances declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Inventories Amount after valuation and LIFO reserves of inventory expected to be sold, or consumed within one year or operating cycle, if longer. International Business Machines Corp.’s inventories increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.