Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net

Merck & Co. Inc. (NYSE:MRK)

Analysis of Profitability Ratios
Quarterly Data

Beginner level

Profitability Ratios (Summary)

Merck & Co. Inc., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin 70.06% 70.11% 69.87% 70.13% 69.89% 68.94% 68.06% 67.35% 67.81% 68.22% 68.16% 68.09% 67.92% 66.61% 65.10% 63.89% 62.58% 62.07% 62.19%
Operating profit margin 25.40% 25.49% 24.77% 25.56% 26.73% 24.38% 19.62% 17.84% 12.28% 13.57% 16.28% 9.92% 16.85% 14.45% 13.51% 19.60% 18.10% 18.19% 17.54%
Net profit margin 22.20% 21.10% 21.01% 20.26% 21.10% 19.50% 14.71% 8.02% 3.25% 3.88% 5.97% 7.15% 12.71% 10.88% 9.85% 13.76% 13.01% 11.72% 11.25%
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) 37.91% 38.72% 37.99% 34.70% 33.88% 30.50% 23.30% 10.32% 4.12% 4.69% 6.97% 7.44% 12.89% 10.91% 9.78% 12.55% 11.84% 10.53% 9.94%
Return on assets (ROA) 11.56% 11.95% 11.66% 11.18% 11.15% 10.20% 7.53% 3.93% 1.58% 1.84% 2.72% 3.11% 5.48% 4.50% 4.11% 5.58% 5.32% 4.67% 4.36%

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2020-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2020-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-07).

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Merck & Co. Inc.’s gross profit margin ratio improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 but then slightly deteriorated from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Merck & Co. Inc.’s operating profit margin ratio improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 but then slightly deteriorated from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Merck & Co. Inc.’s net profit margin ratio improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 and from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Merck & Co. Inc.’s ROE improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 but then deteriorated significantly from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Merck & Co. Inc.’s ROA improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 but then deteriorated significantly from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.

Gross Profit Margin

Merck & Co. Inc., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Gross margin 7,713  8,745  8,198  8,407  8,359  7,764  7,709  7,175  7,048  6,853  7,027  7,051  6,850  6,419  6,783  7,127  6,266  5,740  6,365  6,312  6,031  5,856 
Sales 10,872  12,057  11,867  12,397  11,760  10,816  10,998  10,794  10,465  10,037  10,433  10,325  9,930  9,434  10,115  10,536  9,844  9,312  10,215  10,073  9,785  9,425 
Profitability Ratio
Gross profit margin1 70.06% 70.11% 69.87% 70.13% 69.89% 68.94% 68.06% 67.35% 67.81% 68.22% 68.16% 68.09% 67.92% 66.61% 65.10% 63.89% 62.58% 62.07% 62.19%
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors2
Abbott Laboratories 50.97% 52.13% 52.46% 52.39% 52.17% 51.57% 51.32% 50.57% 50.38% 49.39% 47.75% 48.59% 49.21% 51.32% 54.09% 54.17% 53.99% 53.93% 54.19%
AbbVie Inc. 73.56% 77.43% 77.64% 77.32% 77.41% 77.07% 76.44% 75.22% 74.93% 75.18% 75.05% 76.85% 76.78% 76.81% 77.25% 77.21% 78.12% 79.28% 80.31%
Amgen Inc. 77.15% 78.90% 80.38% 81.19% 81.23% 81.26% 81.80% 81.61% 81.78% 81.69% 81.33% 81.37% 81.26% 81.05% 80.99% 80.68% 80.64% 80.23% 79.82%
Biogen Inc. 87.97% 87.47% 86.40% 85.97% 85.59% 85.72% 86.50% 86.12% 86.43% 86.57% 86.72% 87.34% 86.80% 86.56% 87.08% 87.46% 88.21% 88.65% 88.48%
Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. 69.59% 68.08% 69.10% 69.65% 69.93% 70.77% 70.98% 70.37% 70.12% 69.62% 70.80% 71.92% 72.78% 74.19% 74.54% 75.56% 75.55% 75.67% 76.39%
Eli Lilly & Co. 78.67% 79.22% 78.85% 77.78% 76.67% 74.96% 73.81% 73.39% 72.92% 72.95% 73.46% 73.69% 73.89% 73.78% 73.35% 73.23% 73.72% 74.39% 74.76%
Gilead Sciences Inc. 78.25% 79.06% 78.86% 79.27% 78.98% 78.02% 77.61% 79.21% 80.31% 81.82% 82.97% 84.51% 84.71% 85.95% 85.77% 86.36% 86.91% 86.69% 87.54%
Illumina Inc. 70.34% 70.36% 69.63% 69.24% 68.84% 69.06% 69.01% 69.44% 68.85% 67.98% 66.35% 65.68% 66.26% 67.53% 69.48% 69.91% 69.96% 69.74% 69.80%
Johnson & Johnson 65.66% 66.15% 66.42% 66.49% 66.67% 66.80% 66.79% 66.36% 65.69% 66.22% 66.84% 68.20% 69.35% 69.88% 69.84% 69.52% 69.58% 69.25% 69.27%
Pfizer Inc. 79.94% 79.94% 80.25% 79.85% 79.91% 79.36% 79.03% 78.58% 78.24% 78.48% 78.61% 78.66% 78.15% 77.28% 76.66% 76.48% 77.71% 79.09% 80.25%
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. 88.21% 89.72% 90.05% 91.14% 92.27% 92.79% 93.53% 93.36% 93.28% 92.95% 93.24% 93.37% 94.16% 94.53% 93.83% 92.90% 91.38% 90.52% 90.43%
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. 87.71% 87.24% 86.84% 86.60% 86.56% 86.74% 86.56% 86.88% 87.31% 87.59% 88.95% 89.04% 89.08% 89.76% 87.64% 87.16% 87.72% 87.39% 87.94%
Zoetis Inc. 69.73% 69.51% 68.18% 67.38% 66.92% 66.49% 67.19% 68.12% 68.04% 67.31% 66.55% 65.14% 64.91% 65.30% 65.92% 65.32% 64.90% 64.08% 63.53%

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2020-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2020-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-07).

1 Q2 2020 Calculation
Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross marginQ2 2020 + Gross marginQ1 2020 + Gross marginQ4 2019 + Gross marginQ3 2019) ÷ (SalesQ2 2020 + SalesQ1 2020 + SalesQ4 2019 + SalesQ3 2019)
= 100 × (7,713 + 8,745 + 8,198 + 8,407) ÷ (10,872 + 12,057 + 11,867 + 12,397) = 70.06%

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Merck & Co. Inc.’s gross profit margin ratio improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 but then slightly deteriorated from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.

Operating Profit Margin

Merck & Co. Inc., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Operating income 3,129  3,909  2,567  2,382  3,399  3,255  2,714  2,493  2,038  1,054  1,861  114  2,497  2,061  (725) 2,909  1,523  1,672  1,719  2,227  1,546  1,436 
Sales 10,872  12,057  11,867  12,397  11,760  10,816  10,998  10,794  10,465  10,037  10,433  10,325  9,930  9,434  10,115  10,536  9,844  9,312  10,215  10,073  9,785  9,425 
Profitability Ratio
Operating profit margin1 25.40% 25.49% 24.77% 25.56% 26.73% 24.38% 19.62% 17.84% 12.28% 13.57% 16.28% 9.92% 16.85% 14.45% 13.51% 19.60% 18.10% 18.19% 17.54%
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors2
Abbott Laboratories 12.78% 14.18% 14.21% 13.74% 13.27% 12.31% 11.94% 10.45% 10.11% 8.92% 6.30% 7.89% 8.77% 11.03% 15.27% 14.74% 13.95% 13.64% 14.05%
AbbVie Inc. 30.17% 39.86% 39.03% 20.04% 21.85% 19.88% 19.49% 32.99% 32.84% 34.03% 33.99% 37.24% 36.74% 36.33% 36.60% 36.21% 35.00% 34.18% 32.97%
Amgen Inc. 39.76% 41.89% 43.57% 44.83% 44.05% 44.53% 45.55% 45.82% 46.46% 46.07% 45.76% 46.66% 46.93% 45.68% 44.74% 43.33% 42.46% 41.53% 40.44%
Biogen Inc. 50.93% 51.03% 48.98% 47.13% 46.90% 42.40% 43.77% 44.67% 45.58% 46.49% 43.54% 40.25% 38.72% 41.59% 44.99% 47.59% 47.86% 47.11% 45.44%
Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. 11.67% 16.30% 22.62% 28.64% 28.60% 23.44% 22.69% 18.64% 15.93% 17.50% 17.39% 19.71% 21.73% 24.06% 23.83% 19.21% 16.34% 11.09% 11.41%
Eli Lilly & Co. 24.48% 25.64% 22.29% 20.00% 19.48% 12.50% 15.15% 12.34% 9.11% 14.88% 9.38% 12.43% 14.23% 12.92% 16.30% 14.31% 14.56% 14.27% 13.47%
Gilead Sciences Inc. -4.40% 19.89% 19.38% 19.71% 38.44% 37.87% 37.83% 42.81% 46.25% 51.51% 55.04% 58.72% 58.71% 58.46% 58.87% 61.67% 63.83% 66.22% 69.03%
Illumina Inc. 25.69% 27.28% 27.80% 26.42% 24.88% 25.58% 26.49% 28.25% 27.58% 26.29% 22.02% 20.01% 20.06% 21.35% 24.48% 24.80% 24.55% 24.77% 27.61%
Johnson & Johnson 24.64% 25.62% 24.15% 24.15% 22.63% 22.69% 24.27% 22.59% 23.05% 23.63% 24.07% 27.02% 28.55% 28.83% 28.72% 26.37% 25.66% 25.00% 25.05%
Pfizer Inc. 23.75% 25.38% 25.46% 26.30% 27.50% 26.86% 26.10% 26.18% 26.00% 25.86% 25.92% 24.69% 23.57% 22.94% 22.73% 22.96% 24.02% 24.86% 24.20%
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. 34.64% 30.45% 28.10% 29.55% 29.58% 35.41% 37.77% 37.00% 36.89% 36.54% 35.41% 34.22% 32.29% 28.76% 27.38% 25.67% 26.77% 29.26% 30.51%
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. 38.67% 34.05% 28.77% 21.38% 25.48% 23.98% 20.84% 22.38% 3.87% -0.77% 4.95% 1.62% 16.16% 14.62% 0.58% -5.02% -8.65% -23.94% -45.23%
Zoetis Inc. 33.36% 32.72% 31.42% 31.01% 29.80% 30.05% 31.12% 33.00% 33.86% 33.02% 32.15% 29.43% 28.34% 28.55% 28.48% 26.22% 24.91% 17.35% 15.74%

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2020-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2020-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-07).

1 Q2 2020 Calculation
Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating incomeQ2 2020 + Operating incomeQ1 2020 + Operating incomeQ4 2019 + Operating incomeQ3 2019) ÷ (SalesQ2 2020 + SalesQ1 2020 + SalesQ4 2019 + SalesQ3 2019)
= 100 × (3,129 + 3,909 + 2,567 + 2,382) ÷ (10,872 + 12,057 + 11,867 + 12,397) = 25.40%

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Merck & Co. Inc.’s operating profit margin ratio improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 but then slightly deteriorated from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.

Net Profit Margin

Merck & Co. Inc., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. 3,002  3,219  2,357  1,901  2,670  2,915  1,827  1,950  1,707  736  (1,047) (56) 1,946  1,551  (594) 2,184  1,205  1,125  976  1,826  687  953 
Sales 10,872  12,057  11,867  12,397  11,760  10,816  10,998  10,794  10,465  10,037  10,433  10,325  9,930  9,434  10,115  10,536  9,844  9,312  10,215  10,073  9,785  9,425 
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1 22.20% 21.10% 21.01% 20.26% 21.10% 19.50% 14.71% 8.02% 3.25% 3.88% 5.97% 7.15% 12.71% 10.88% 9.85% 13.76% 13.01% 11.72% 11.25%
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors2
Abbott Laboratories 9.89% 11.15% 11.56% 10.50% 9.36% 8.53% 7.74% 2.91% 3.13% 1.67% 1.74% 8.37% 4.96% 6.74% 6.71% 6.61% 11.08% 12.00% 21.68%
AbbVie Inc. 19.20% 24.77% 23.69% 9.90% 12.62% 16.42% 17.36% 23.50% 20.84% 21.55% 18.82% 24.38% 24.77% 24.07% 23.22% 24.08% 23.11% 23.03% 22.50%
Amgen Inc. 31.53% 33.64% 35.32% 36.14% 35.57% 35.93% 37.25% 9.96% 10.72% 10.11% 9.08% 37.36% 37.24% 36.12% 35.27% 35.19% 34.48% 33.86% 33.13%
Biogen Inc. 40.91% 40.76% 40.96% 37.91% 37.62% 33.79% 32.93% 24.08% 23.06% 23.54% 20.69% 29.44% 28.10% 30.17% 32.34% 34.03% 33.97% 33.79% 32.95%
Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. -1.61% 3.08% 13.15% 23.39% 26.00% 22.09% 21.81% 6.50% 1.74% 4.37% 4.85% 20.56% 22.66% 24.22% 22.94% 18.22% 16.29% 9.31% 9.45%
Eli Lilly & Co. 24.48% 23.97% 37.27% 35.10% 33.76% 26.12% 13.16% 1.85% -0.60% 4.82% -0.89% 9.90% 11.12% 10.13% 12.90% 11.73% 11.97% 11.49% 12.07%
Gilead Sciences Inc. -1.18% 22.17% 24.35% 12.24% 27.14% 26.93% 25.16% 7.27% 9.69% 14.26% 18.03% 42.90% 43.55% 44.11% 45.07% 48.40% 51.16% 53.48% 56.32%
Illumina Inc. 20.68% 26.49% 28.28% 28.13% 27.55% 25.05% 24.78% 21.09% 20.88% 19.31% 26.38% 30.14% 30.07% 30.52% 19.29% 18.70% 18.70% 18.40% 20.79%
Johnson & Johnson 18.86% 20.75% 18.42% 17.32% 20.08% 17.99% 18.75% 1.89% 1.70% 1.58% 1.70% 21.28% 22.52% 22.87% 23.01% 22.27% 21.20% 22.15% 21.99%
Pfizer Inc. 28.80% 31.17% 31.45% 30.57% 23.58% 21.31% 20.79% 44.63% 42.35% 41.29% 40.55% 18.69% 15.90% 13.88% 13.66% 11.77% 13.47% 14.95% 14.25%
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. 37.30% 28.56% 26.91% 28.13% 28.59% 35.12% 36.42% 28.24% 25.65% 23.54% 20.41% 23.17% 22.05% 19.34% 18.42% 16.85% 15.98% 16.72% 15.50%
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. 38.51% 31.35% 28.27% 59.23% 64.13% 66.01% 68.80% 22.87% 15.84% 9.36% 10.59% 8.53% 12.19% 8.78% -6.58% -13.17% -17.66% -30.91% -53.89%
Zoetis Inc. 25.50% 25.41% 23.96% 23.76% 22.74% 23.47% 24.52% 20.35% 19.95% 17.97% 16.28% 18.29% 17.50% 17.25% 16.80% 14.10% 13.15% 7.83% 7.11%

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2020-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2020-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-07).

1 Q2 2020 Calculation
Net profit margin = 100 × (Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q2 2020 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q1 2020 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q4 2019 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q3 2019) ÷ (SalesQ2 2020 + SalesQ1 2020 + SalesQ4 2019 + SalesQ3 2019)
= 100 × (3,002 + 3,219 + 2,357 + 1,901) ÷ (10,872 + 12,057 + 11,867 + 12,397) = 22.20%

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Merck & Co. Inc.’s net profit margin ratio improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 and from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.

Return on Equity (ROE)

Merck & Co. Inc., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. 3,002  3,219  2,357  1,901  2,670  2,915  1,827  1,950  1,707  736  (1,047) (56) 1,946  1,551  (594) 2,184  1,205  1,125  976  1,826  687  953 
Total Merck & Co., Inc. stockholders’ equity 27,642  26,205  25,907  26,838  27,635  27,539  26,701  32,422  32,529  33,668  34,336  38,248  39,463  39,837  40,088  43,744  43,357  43,806  44,676  45,587  46,448  47,765 
Profitability Ratio
ROE1 37.91% 38.72% 37.99% 34.70% 33.88% 30.50% 23.30% 10.32% 4.12% 4.69% 6.97% 7.44% 12.89% 10.91% 9.78% 12.55% 11.84% 10.53% 9.94%
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors2
Abbott Laboratories 10.17% 11.84% 11.86% 10.35% 9.14% 8.48% 7.76% 2.89% 3.03% 1.52% 1.54% 6.57% 3.71% 4.79% 6.82% 6.59% 11.02% 11.81% 20.85%
AbbVie Inc. 47.30% 179.59% 104.16% 99.42% 110.08% 126.25% 128.41% 93.97% 101.42% 117.94% 130.39%
Amgen Inc. 68.48% 80.92% 81.07% 73.83% 73.73% 74.55% 67.15% 15.35% 15.86% 14.21% 7.84% 25.37% 25.77% 25.76% 25.85% 24.65% 24.67% 25.16% 24.71%
Biogen Inc. 52.41% 46.85% 44.13% 38.55% 40.87% 33.74% 33.98% 23.15% 24.21% 21.09% 20.13% 27.10% 28.42% 30.31% 30.50% 32.06% 33.48% 35.78% 37.84%
Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. -1.15% 1.91% 6.66% 32.04% 38.65% 33.80% 35.07% 10.50% 3.05% 7.18% 8.58% 28.61% 31.20% 33.55% 27.55% 21.56% 19.24% 10.94% 10.97%
Eli Lilly & Co. 137.26% 179.72% 319.09% 234.97% 282.08% 252.24% 32.88% 3.44% -1.24% 7.74% -1.76% 14.94% 17.35% 15.58% 19.54% 15.68% 16.85% 15.45% 16.53%
Gilead Sciences Inc. -1.43% 22.49% 23.91% 13.07% 26.33% 26.84% 25.51% 6.94% 10.19% 16.82% 22.64% 46.69% 53.86% 61.82% 71.48% 89.38% 105.21% 129.43% 97.70%
Illumina Inc. 15.19% 20.32% 21.72% 21.92% 21.65% 21.36% 21.98% 19.53% 19.90% 18.85% 26.41% 27.38% 27.54% 29.01% 21.06% 19.79% 21.05% 20.82% 24.97%
Johnson & Johnson 24.11% 28.01% 25.42% 24.31% 26.87% 24.90% 25.60% 2.39% 2.18% 1.97% 2.16% 21.39% 22.71% 23.46% 23.49% 21.91% 20.73% 21.40% 21.66%
Pfizer Inc. 22.02% 24.28% 25.77% 24.91% 21.24% 19.52% 17.59% 33.40% 32.31% 29.72% 29.88% 16.14% 14.26% 12.49% 12.12% 9.90% 11.22% 12.09% 10.75%
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. 32.94% 18.79% 19.08% 20.41% 21.21% 25.70% 27.91% 22.85% 22.14% 21.74% 19.51% 21.12% 20.91% 19.79% 20.13% 17.75% 18.23% 19.69% 17.40%
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. 27.67% 23.38% 19.34% 40.81% 43.70% 45.63% 47.28% 22.27% 15.46% 9.41% 12.99% 10.93% 15.55% 11.82% -9.69% -21.41% -28.03% -41.73% -59.19%
Zoetis Inc. 54.23% 58.52% 55.39% 54.56% 57.03% 59.91% 65.35% 54.96% 56.60% 49.90% 48.81% 47.11% 51.20% 53.14% 55.21% 43.47% 47.09% 32.45% 31.74%

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2020-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2020-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-07).

1 Q2 2020 Calculation
ROE = 100 × (Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q2 2020 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q1 2020 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q4 2019 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q3 2019) ÷ Total Merck & Co., Inc. stockholders’ equity
= 100 × (3,002 + 3,219 + 2,357 + 1,901) ÷ 27,642 = 37.91%

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Merck & Co. Inc.’s ROE improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 but then deteriorated significantly from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.

Return on Assets (ROA)

Merck & Co. Inc., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2020 Mar 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. 3,002  3,219  2,357  1,901  2,670  2,915  1,827  1,950  1,707  736  (1,047) (56) 1,946  1,551  (594) 2,184  1,205  1,125  976  1,826  687  953 
Total assets 90,615  84,913  84,397  83,331  83,965  82,354  82,637  85,130  85,040  86,041  87,872  91,676  92,804  96,561  95,377  98,335  96,475  98,755  101,779  101,232  102,582  108,345 
Profitability Ratio
ROA1 11.56% 11.95% 11.66% 11.18% 11.15% 10.20% 7.53% 3.93% 1.58% 1.84% 2.72% 3.11% 5.48% 4.50% 4.11% 5.58% 5.32% 4.67% 4.36%
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors2
Abbott Laboratories 4.52% 5.36% 5.43% 4.80% 4.23% 3.88% 3.53% 1.24% 1.35% 0.67% 0.63% 2.91% 1.65% 2.12% 2.66% 3.47% 5.72% 6.17% 10.72%
AbbVie Inc. 4.65% 9.25% 8.84% 5.48% 7.21% 9.44% 9.58% 11.43% 10.46% 9.20% 7.50% 9.66% 9.87% 9.61% 9.01% 9.12% 8.51% 10.19% 9.70%
Amgen Inc. 11.23% 12.45% 13.13% 13.55% 13.40% 12.62% 12.64% 3.27% 3.49% 3.12% 2.48% 10.18% 10.27% 10.14% 9.95% 9.71% 9.85% 9.61% 9.69%
Biogen Inc. 23.23% 22.51% 21.62% 19.63% 20.14% 17.65% 17.52% 12.50% 12.39% 11.36% 10.73% 15.11% 15.13% 16.42% 16.19% 17.58% 17.75% 17.87% 18.19%
Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. -0.44% 0.74% 2.65% 9.85% 11.24% 14.77% 14.06% 4.24% 1.15% 2.78% 3.00% 12.45% 13.73% 14.68% 13.22% 9.98% 8.74% 4.94% 4.93%
Eli Lilly & Co. 13.39% 13.46% 21.17% 20.97% 20.28% 16.46% 7.36% 1.01% -0.34% 2.53% -0.45% 5.17% 5.98% 5.81% 7.05% 6.50% 6.76% 6.68% 6.77%
Gilead Sciences Inc. -0.46% 8.31% 8.74% 4.55% 9.42% 9.38% 8.57% 2.47% 3.38% 5.30% 6.58% 17.94% 20.27% 21.90% 23.70% 26.63% 32.71% 36.30% 34.93%
Illumina Inc. 9.56% 12.97% 13.70% 13.73% 13.45% 11.52% 11.87% 10.12% 11.08% 10.23% 13.81% 15.49% 15.39% 16.10% 10.81% 10.49% 10.86% 10.93% 12.52%
Johnson & Johnson 9.59% 11.07% 9.59% 9.10% 10.53% 9.78% 10.00% 0.99% 0.88% 0.79% 0.83% 10.17% 10.69% 11.39% 11.71% 11.36% 10.75% 11.41% 11.55%
Pfizer Inc. 7.96% 9.49% 9.72% 9.51% 8.10% 7.38% 7.00% 14.19% 13.67% 13.21% 12.40% 5.70% 4.94% 4.32% 4.20% 3.51% 4.13% 4.68% 4.16%
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. 20.68% 14.46% 14.29% 15.38% 15.71% 18.88% 20.83% 16.64% 15.99% 15.23% 13.67% 14.69% 14.24% 12.32% 12.84% 11.68% 11.97% 12.56% 11.34%
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. 20.37% 16.99% 14.15% 28.53% 31.50% 32.94% 33.57% 14.00% 9.58% 5.72% 7.43% 6.12% 7.91% 6.02% -3.87% -8.38% -10.79% -16.05% -22.26%
Zoetis Inc. 12.37% 13.97% 12.99% 12.96% 12.52% 12.75% 13.25% 11.13% 12.96% 11.25% 10.06% 10.09% 11.25% 11.18% 10.73% 8.93% 8.50% 5.07% 4.28%

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2020-08-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2020-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-08-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-07).

1 Q2 2020 Calculation
ROA = 100 × (Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q2 2020 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q1 2020 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q4 2019 + Net income (loss) attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.Q3 2019) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × (3,002 + 3,219 + 2,357 + 1,901) ÷ 90,615 = 11.56%

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Merck & Co. Inc.’s ROA improved from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020 but then deteriorated significantly from Q1 2020 to Q2 2020.