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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Merck & Co. Inc. (MRK)


Market Value Added (MVA)

Difficulty: Advanced

Market value added (MVA) is the difference between a firms’s fair value and its invested capital. MVA is a measure of the value a company has created in excess of the resources already committed to the enterprise.


MVA

Merck & Co. Inc., MVA calculation

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Fair value of loans payable and long-term debt, including current portion1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
PV of operating lease payments2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Market value of common equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Noncontrolling interests hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Investments in debt and publicly traded equity securities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Market (fair) value of Merck hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Invested capital3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
MVA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

1 Fair value of debt. See Details »

2 Present value of operating lease payments. See Details »

3 Invested capital. See Details »

Item Description The company
MVA Merck & Co. Inc.’s market (fair) value less invested capital. Merck & Co. Inc.’s MVA declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

MVA Spread

Merck & Co. Inc., MVA spread calculation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Market value added (MVA)1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Invested capital2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
MVA spread3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 MVA. See Details »

2 Invested capital. See Details »

3 MVA spread = 100 × MVA ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
MVA spread The ratio of MVA to invested capital. It measures the efficiency with which investors’ capital investment has translated into a franchise value and into an aggregate net present value premium. Merck & Co. Inc.’s MVA spread deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

MVA Margin

Merck & Co. Inc., MVA margin calculation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Market value added (MVA)1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
MVA margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 MVA. See Details »

2 MVA margin = 100 × MVA ÷ Sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
MVA margin The ratio of MVA to sales. It measures how efficiently and prodigiously sales translate into franchise value. Merck & Co. Inc.’s MVA margin deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.