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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Analysis of Income Taxes

Difficulty: Advanced


Income Tax Accounting Policy

Deferred income taxes are provided for the tax effect of temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements. The liability method is used to account for income taxes, which requires deferred taxes to be recorded at the statutory rate expected to be in effect when the taxes are paid.

Deferred income tax assets represent amounts available to reduce income taxes payable on taxable income in future years. Such assets arise because of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, as well as from net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. FedEx evaluates the recoverability of these future tax deductions and credits by assessing the adequacy of future expected taxable income from all sources, including reversal of taxable temporary differences, forecasted operating earnings and available tax planning strategies. These sources of income rely heavily on estimates to make this determination and, thus, there is a risk that these estimates will have to be revised as new information is received. To the extent FedEx does not consider it more likely than not that a deferred tax asset will be recovered, a valuation allowance is established. FedEx believes FedEx will generate sufficient future taxable income to realize the tax benefits related to the remaining net deferred tax assets in the consolidated balance sheet that are not subject to valuation allowances.

FedEx recognizes liabilities for uncertain income tax positions based on a two-step process. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step requires FedEx to estimate and measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement. It is inherently difficult and subjective to estimate such amounts, as FedEx must determine the probability of various possible outcomes. FedEx reevaluates these uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis or when new information becomes available to management. These reevaluations are based on factors including, but not limited to, changes in facts or circumstances, changes in tax law, successfully settled issues under audit and new audit activity. Such a change in recognition or measurement could result in the recognition of a tax benefit or an increase to the related provision.

FedEx classifies interest related to income tax liabilities as interest expense, and if applicable, penalties are recognized as a component of income tax expense. The income tax liabilities and accrued interest and penalties that are due within one year of the balance sheet date are presented as current liabilities. The noncurrent portion of FedEx's income tax liabilities and accrued interest and penalties are recorded in the caption "Other liabilities" in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

FedEx Corp., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
Federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State and local hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Domestic hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current provision hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State and local hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Domestic hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred provision (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Provision for income taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

Item Description The company
Current provision Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. FedEx Corp.'s current provision declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Deferred provision (benefit) Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. FedEx Corp.'s deferred provision (benefit) increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. FedEx Corp.'s provision for income taxes increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

FedEx Corp., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
Statutory federal income tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Effective tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

Item Description The company
Effective tax rate Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. FedEx Corp.'s effective tax rate increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

FedEx Corp., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
Property, equipment, leases and intangibles hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Employee benefits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Self-insurance accruals hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net operating loss/credit carryforwards hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Valuation allowances hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property, equipment, leases and intangibles hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Employee benefits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets, gross Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. FedEx Corp.'s deferred tax assets, gross declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. FedEx Corp.'s deferred tax assets declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. FedEx Corp.'s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) declined from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly increased from 2017 to 2018.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

FedEx Corp., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
Current deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Noncurrent deferred tax assets (included in Other assets) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

Item Description The company
Noncurrent deferred tax assets (included in Other assets) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. FedEx Corp.'s noncurrent deferred tax assets (included in Other assets) increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. FedEx Corp.'s noncurrent deferred tax liabilities increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Deferred Taxes

FedEx Corp., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Common Stockholders' Investment
Common stockholders' investment (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Common stockholders' investment (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).


FedEx Corp., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

FedEx Corp., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted current ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
FedEx Corp.'s adjusted financial leverage declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

FedEx Corp., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

2018 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted current ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Common stockholders' investment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted common stockholders' investment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Common stockholders' investment
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted common stockholders' investment
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
FedEx Corp.'s adjusted financial leverage declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Common stockholders' investment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted common stockholders' investment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Common stockholders' investment
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted common stockholders' investment
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014 May 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-07-15).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. FedEx Corp.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.