Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Union Pacific Corp. (NYSE:UNP)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Union Pacific Corp., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Federal
State
Foreign
Current tax expense
Federal
State
Foreign
Deferred and other tax expense (benefit)
Income tax expense (benefit)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

Item Description The company
Current tax expense Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Union Pacific Corp.’s current tax expense decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred and other tax expense (benefit) Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Union Pacific Corp.’s deferred and other tax expense (benefit) increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Income tax expense (benefit) Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Union Pacific Corp.’s income tax expense (benefit) increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Union Pacific Corp., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Federal statutory tax rate
State statutory rates, net of federal benefits
Excess tax benefits from equity compensation plans
Other deferred tax adjustments
Other
Effective tax rate, before adjustment for Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
Adjustment for Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
Effective tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

Item Description The company
Effective tax rate, before adjustment for Tax Cuts and Jobs Act Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Union Pacific Corp.’s effective tax rate, before adjustment for Tax Cuts and Jobs Act decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Union Pacific Corp., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Accrued wages
Accrued casualty costs
Stock compensation
Retiree benefits
Credits
Other
Deferred income tax assets
Property
Other
Deferred income tax liabilities
Net deferred income tax asset (liability)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

Item Description The company
Deferred income tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Union Pacific Corp.’s deferred income tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Net deferred income tax asset (liability) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Union Pacific Corp.’s net deferred income tax asset (liability) decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Union Pacific Corp., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Net deferred income tax liability

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

Item Description The company
Net deferred income tax liability Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Union Pacific Corp.’s net deferred income tax liability increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Union Pacific Corp., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Common Shareholders’ Equity
Common shareholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Common shareholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).


Union Pacific Corp., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Union Pacific Corp., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Union Pacific Corp.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Union Pacific Corp.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Union Pacific Corp.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Union Pacific Corp.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.

Union Pacific Corp., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Operating revenues
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Operating revenues
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Operating revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Operating revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Union Pacific Corp.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Common shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Adjusted common shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Common shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Adjusted common shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Union Pacific Corp.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Common shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted common shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Common shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted common shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Union Pacific Corp.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-05).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Union Pacific Corp.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.