Stock Analysis on Net

United Parcel Service Inc. (NYSE:UPS)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

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Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

United Parcel Service Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

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12 months ended: Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
U.S. federal
U.S. state and local
Non-U.S.
Current
U.S. federal
U.S. state and local
Non-U.S.
Deferred
Income tax expense

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. United Parcel Service Inc. current increased from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. United Parcel Service Inc. deferred decreased from 2019 to 2020 but then increased from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.
Income tax expense Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. United Parcel Service Inc. income tax expense decreased from 2019 to 2020 but then increased from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

United Parcel Service Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

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Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
Statutory U.S. federal income tax rate
U.S. state and local income taxes, net of federal benefit
Non-U.S. tax rate differential
U.S. federal tax credits
Goodwill and other asset impairments
Net uncertain tax positions
Defined benefit plans mark-to-market charge tax rate differential
Non-U.S. valuation allowance release
Other
Effective income tax rate, before income tax benefit from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and other non-U.S. tax law changes
Income tax benefit from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and other non-U.S. tax law changes
Effective income tax rate

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax rate, before income tax benefit from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and other non-U.S. tax law changes Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. United Parcel Service Inc. effective income tax rate, before income tax benefit from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and other non-U.S. tax law changes increased from 2019 to 2020 but then slightly decreased from 2020 to 2021 not reaching 2019 level.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

United Parcel Service Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

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Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
Pension and postretirement benefits
Loss and credit carryforwards
Insurance reserves
Stock compensation
Accrued employee compensation
Operating lease liabilities
Other
Deferred tax assets
Deferred tax assets valuation allowance
Deferred tax asset, net of valuation allowance
Fixed assets and capitalized software
Operating lease right-of-use assets
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax asset (liability)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. United Parcel Service Inc. deferred tax assets increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.
Deferred tax asset, net of valuation allowance Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. United Parcel Service Inc. deferred tax asset, net of valuation allowance increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.
Net deferred tax asset (liability) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. United Parcel Service Inc. net deferred tax asset (liability) increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

United Parcel Service Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
Deferred tax assets
Deferred tax liabilities

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. United Parcel Service Inc. deferred tax assets increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.
Deferred tax liabilities Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. United Parcel Service Inc. deferred tax liabilities decreased from 2019 to 2020 but then increased from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

United Parcel Service Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

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Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Equity For Controlling Interests
Equity for controlling interests (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Equity for controlling interests (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).


United Parcel Service Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

United Parcel Service Inc., adjusted financial ratios

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Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then slightly improved from 2020 to 2021.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.

United Parcel Service Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

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Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

2021 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

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Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenue
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenue
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

2021 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2019 to 2020 and from 2020 to 2021.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

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Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Equity for controlling interests
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted equity for controlling interests
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

2021 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Equity for controlling interests
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted equity for controlling interests
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Equity for controlling interests
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted equity for controlling interests
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

2021 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Equity for controlling interests
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted equity for controlling interests
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then slightly improved from 2020 to 2021.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

2021 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. United Parcel Service Inc. adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.