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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

United Parcel Service Inc. (UPS)


Analysis of Property, Plant and Equipment

Difficulty: Advanced


Property, Plant and Equipment Accounting Policy

Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost. UPS evaluates the useful lives of the property, plant and equipment based on the usage, maintenance and replacement policies, and taking into account physical and economic factors that may affect the useful lives of the assets. As part of the ongoing investment in transformation in 2018, UPS revised the estimates of useful lives for building improvements, vehicles and plant equipment based on the current assessment of these factors. In general, the change in estimate had the effect of lengthening the useful lives of building improvements, vehicles and plant equipment.

Depreciation and amortization are provided by the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which are as follows: Vehicles—6 to 15 years; Aircraft—12 to 30 years; Buildings—20 to 40 years; Leasehold Improvements—lesser of asset useful life or lease term; Plant Equipment—3 to 20 years; Technology Equipment—3 to 5 years. For substantially all of UPS’ aircraft, the costs of major airframe and engine overhauls, as well as routine maintenance and repairs, are charged to expense as incurred.

Interest incurred during the construction period of certain property, plant and equipment is capitalized until the underlying assets are placed in service, at which time amortization of the capitalized interest begins, straight-line, over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Capitalized interest was $97, $49 and $14 million for 2018, 2017, and 2016, respectively.

UPS reviews long-lived assets for impairment when circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable based on the undiscounted future cash flows of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset is determined not to be recoverable, a write-down to fair value is recorded. Fair values are determined based on quoted market values, discounted cash flows, or external appraisals, as appropriate. UPS reviews long-lived assets for impairment at the individual asset or the asset group level for which the lowest level of independent cash flows can be identified.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21).


Property, Plant and Equipment Disclosure

United Parcel Service Inc., balance sheet: property, plant and equipment

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Vehicles hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Aircraft hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Land hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Buildings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Building and leasehold improvements hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Plant equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Technology equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Equipment under operating leases hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Construction-in-progress hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property, plant and equipment, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accumulated depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property, plant and equipment, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

Item Description The company
Property, plant and equipment, gross Amount before accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. United Parcel Service Inc.’s property, plant and equipment, gross increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Property, plant and equipment, net Amount after accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business to produce goods and services and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. United Parcel Service Inc.’s property, plant and equipment, net increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Property, Plant and Equipment Ratios (Summary)

United Parcel Service Inc., Property, Plant and Equipment Ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Average age hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

Ratio Description The company
Average age As long as straight-line depreciation is used, this is an accurate estimate of asset age as a percentage of depreciable life. The relative age is a useful measure of whether the company’s fixed asset base is old or new. Newer assets are likely to be more efficient. United Parcel Service Inc.’s average age of depreciable property, plant and equipment improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Average Age

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Accumulated depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property, plant and equipment, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Land hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Average age1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 Average age = 100 × Accumulated depreciation and amortization ÷ (Property, plant and equipment, gross – Land)
= 100 × hidden ÷ (hiddenhidden) = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Average age As long as straight-line depreciation is used, this is an accurate estimate of asset age as a percentage of depreciable life. The relative age is a useful measure of whether the company’s fixed asset base is old or new. Newer assets are likely to be more efficient. United Parcel Service Inc.’s average age of depreciable property, plant and equipment improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.