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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Ford Motor Co. (NYSE:F)


Analysis of Inventory

Advanced level


Inventory Disclosure

Ford Motor Co., balance sheet: inventory

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Raw materials, work-in-process, and supplies
Finished products
Inventories under FIFO
LIFO adjustment
Inventories

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

Item Description The company
Inventories Amount after valuation and LIFO reserves of inventory expected to be sold, or consumed within one year or operating cycle, if longer. Ford Motor Co.’s inventories increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019.

Adjustment to Inventory: Conversion from LIFO to FIFO

Adjusting LIFO Inventory to FIFO (Current) Cost

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Adjustment to Inventories
Inventories at LIFO (as reported)
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve
Inventories at FIFO (adjusted)
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported)
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve
Current assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Equity Attributable To Ford Motor Company
Equity attributable to Ford Motor Company (as reported)
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve
Equity attributable to Ford Motor Company (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income Attributable To Ford Motor Company
Net income attributable to Ford Motor Company (as reported)
Add: Increase (decrease) in inventory LIFO reserve
Net income attributable to Ford Motor Company (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

Ford Motor Co.’s inventory value on Dec 31, 2019 would be $10,786  (in millions) if the FIFO inventory method was used instead of LIFO. Ford Motor Co.’s inventories, valued on a LIFO basis, on Dec 31, 2019 were $10,786 . Ford Motor Co.’s inventories would have been $—  higher than reported on Dec 31, 2019 if the FIFO method had been used instead.


Ford Motor Co., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: LIFO vs. FIFO (Summary)

Ford Motor Co., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio (LIFO)
Adjusted current ratio (FIFO)
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin (LIFO)
Adjusted net profit margin (FIFO)
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover (LIFO)
Adjusted total asset turnover (FIFO)
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage (LIFO)
Adjusted financial leverage (FIFO)
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE (LIFO)
Adjusted ROE (FIFO)
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA (LIFO)
Adjusted ROA (FIFO)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Ford Motor Co., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to Ford Motor Company
Automotive revenues
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to Ford Motor Company
Automotive revenues
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to Ford Motor Company ÷ Automotive revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Ford Motor Company ÷ Automotive revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Automotive revenues
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Automotive revenues
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Automotive revenues ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Automotive revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Equity attributable to Ford Motor Company
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted equity attributable to Ford Motor Company
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Equity attributable to Ford Motor Company
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted equity attributable to Ford Motor Company
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to Ford Motor Company
Equity attributable to Ford Motor Company
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to Ford Motor Company
Adjusted equity attributable to Ford Motor Company
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to Ford Motor Company ÷ Equity attributable to Ford Motor Company
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Ford Motor Company ÷ Adjusted equity attributable to Ford Motor Company
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to Ford Motor Company
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to Ford Motor Company
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to Ford Motor Company ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Ford Motor Company ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Ford Motor Co.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.