Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net

salesforce.com inc. (NYSE:CRM)

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Return on Capital (ROC)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)

salesforce.com inc., ROIC calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
ROIC3
Benchmarks
ROIC, Competitors4
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Automatic Data Processing Inc.
Fidelity National Information Services Inc.
Fiserv Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-17), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-07).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2021 Calculation
ROIC = 100 × NOPAT ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
ROIC A measure of the periodic, after tax, cash-on-cash yield earned in the business. salesforce.com inc.’s ROIC deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 not reaching 2019 level.

Decomposition of ROIC

salesforce.com inc., decomposition of ROIC

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROIC = OPM1 × TO2 × 1 – CTR3
Jan 31, 2021 = × ×
Jan 31, 2020 = × ×
Jan 31, 2019 = × ×
Jan 31, 2018 = × ×
Jan 31, 2017 = × ×
Jan 31, 2016 = × ×

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-17), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-07).

1 Operating profit margin (OPM). See calculations »

2 Turnover of capital (TO). See calculations »

3 Effective cash tax rate (CTR). See calculations »

The primary reason for the increase in return on invested capital (ROIC) over 2021 year is the increase in profitability measured by operating profit margin (OPM) ratio.


Operating Profit Margin (OPM)

salesforce.com inc., OPM calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Add: Cash operating taxes2
Net operating profit before taxes (NOPBT)
 
Revenues
Add: Increase (decrease) in unearned revenue
Adjusted revenues
Profitability Ratio
OPM3
Benchmarks
OPM, Competitors4
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Automatic Data Processing Inc.
Fidelity National Information Services Inc.
Fiserv Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-17), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-07).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cash operating taxes. See details »

3 2021 Calculation
OPM = 100 × NOPBT ÷ Adjusted revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
OPM The operating profit margin (OPM) is the ratio of pretax economic earnings, or NOPBT, to sales. salesforce.com inc.’s OPM deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then improved from 2020 to 2021 exceeding 2019 level.

Turnover of Capital (TO)

salesforce.com inc., TO calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues
Add: Increase (decrease) in unearned revenue
Adjusted revenues
 
Invested capital1
Efficiency Ratio
TO2
Benchmarks
TO, Competitors3
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Automatic Data Processing Inc.
Fidelity National Information Services Inc.
Fiserv Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-17), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-07).

1 Invested capital. See details »

2 2021 Calculation
TO = Adjusted revenues ÷ Invested capital
= ÷ =

3 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Efficiency ratio Description The company
TO The turnover of capital (TO) is the ratio of sales to invested capital. Capital turnover is a function of the efficiency of working capital management and of net fixed assets. salesforce.com inc.’s TO deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 but then slightly improved from 2020 to 2021.

Effective Cash Tax Rate (CTR)

salesforce.com inc., CTR calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Add: Cash operating taxes2
Net operating profit before taxes (NOPBT)
Tax Rate
CTR3
Benchmarks
CTR, Competitors4
Accenture PLC
Adobe Inc.
Autodesk Inc.
Automatic Data Processing Inc.
Fidelity National Information Services Inc.
Fiserv Inc.
International Business Machines Corp.
Intuit Inc.
Mastercard Inc.
Microsoft Corp.
Oracle Corp.
PayPal Holdings Inc.
ServiceNow Inc.
Visa Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-17), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-05), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-08), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-07).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cash operating taxes. See details »

3 2021 Calculation
CTR = 100 × Cash operating taxes ÷ NOPBT
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Tax rate Description The company
CTR Effective cash tax rate on operating income. salesforce.com inc.’s CTR increased from 2019 to 2020 but then decreased significantly from 2020 to 2021.