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Common Stock Valuation Ratios (Price Multiples)
Quarterly Data

Difficulty: Beginner


Historical Valuation Ratios (Summary)

Apple Inc., historical price multiples (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jul 1, 2017 Apr 1, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 24, 2016 Jun 25, 2016 Mar 26, 2016 Dec 26, 2015 Sep 26, 2015 Jun 27, 2015 Mar 28, 2015 Dec 27, 2014 Sep 27, 2014 Jun 28, 2014 Mar 29, 2014 Dec 28, 2013 Sep 28, 2013 Jun 29, 2013 Mar 30, 2013 Dec 29, 2012 Sep 29, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011
Price to earnings (P/E) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to operating profit (P/OP) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to sales (P/S) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to book value (P/BV) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Apple Inc.'s P/E ratio increased from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Apple Inc.'s P/OP ratio increased from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Apple Inc.'s P/S ratio increased from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Apple Inc.'s P/BV ratio increased from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Price to Earnings (P/E)

Apple Inc., historical P/E calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jul 1, 2017 Apr 1, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 24, 2016 Jun 25, 2016 Mar 26, 2016 Dec 26, 2015 Sep 26, 2015 Jun 27, 2015 Mar 28, 2015 Dec 27, 2014 Sep 27, 2014 Jun 28, 2014 Mar 29, 2014 Dec 28, 2013 Sep 28, 2013 Jun 29, 2013 Mar 30, 2013 Dec 29, 2012 Sep 29, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Net income (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Earnings per share (EPS)3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/E ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Apple Inc.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q3 2018 Calculations

3 EPS = (Net incomeQ3 2018 + Net incomeQ2 2018 + Net incomeQ1 2018 + Net incomeQ4 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/E ratio = Share price ÷ EPS
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Apple Inc.'s P/E ratio increased from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)

Apple Inc., historical P/OP calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jul 1, 2017 Apr 1, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 24, 2016 Jun 25, 2016 Mar 26, 2016 Dec 26, 2015 Sep 26, 2015 Jun 27, 2015 Mar 28, 2015 Dec 27, 2014 Sep 27, 2014 Jun 28, 2014 Mar 29, 2014 Dec 28, 2013 Sep 28, 2013 Jun 29, 2013 Mar 30, 2013 Dec 29, 2012 Sep 29, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Operating income (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating profit per share3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/OP ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Apple Inc.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q3 2018 Calculations

3 Operating profit per share = (Operating incomeQ3 2018 + Operating incomeQ2 2018 + Operating incomeQ1 2018 + Operating incomeQ4 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/OP ratio = Share price ÷ Operating profit per share
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Apple Inc.'s P/OP ratio increased from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Price to Sales (P/S)

Apple Inc., historical P/S calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jul 1, 2017 Apr 1, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 24, 2016 Jun 25, 2016 Mar 26, 2016 Dec 26, 2015 Sep 26, 2015 Jun 27, 2015 Mar 28, 2015 Dec 27, 2014 Sep 27, 2014 Jun 28, 2014 Mar 29, 2014 Dec 28, 2013 Sep 28, 2013 Jun 29, 2013 Mar 30, 2013 Dec 29, 2012 Sep 29, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Net sales (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales per share3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/S ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Apple Inc.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q3 2018 Calculations

3 Sales per share = (Net salesQ3 2018 + Net salesQ2 2018 + Net salesQ1 2018 + Net salesQ4 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/S ratio = Share price ÷ Sales per share
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Apple Inc.'s P/S ratio increased from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Price to Book Value (P/BV)

Apple Inc., historical P/BV calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jul 1, 2017 Apr 1, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 24, 2016 Jun 25, 2016 Mar 26, 2016 Dec 26, 2015 Sep 26, 2015 Jun 27, 2015 Mar 28, 2015 Dec 27, 2014 Sep 27, 2014 Jun 28, 2014 Mar 29, 2014 Dec 28, 2013 Sep 28, 2013 Jun 29, 2013 Mar 30, 2013 Dec 29, 2012 Sep 29, 2012 Jun 30, 2012 Mar 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Shareholders' equity (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Book value per share (BVPS)3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/BV ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Apple Inc.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q3 2018 Calculations

3 BVPS = Shareholders' equity ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/BV ratio = Share price ÷ BVPS
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Apple Inc.'s P/BV ratio increased from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.