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Investment Accounting Policy

Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities

All highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase are classified as cash equivalents. Apple's marketable debt and equity securities have been classified and accounted for as available-for-sale. Management determines the appropriate classification of its investments at the time of purchase and reevaluates the classifications at each balance sheet date. Apple classifies its marketable debt securities as either short-term or long-term based on each instrument's underlying contractual maturity date. Marketable debt securities with maturities of 12 months or less are classified as short-term and marketable debt securities with maturities greater than 12 months are classified as long-term. Marketable equity securities, including mutual funds, are classified as either short-term or long-term based on the nature of each security and its availability for use in current operations. Apple's marketable debt and equity securities are carried at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses, net of taxes, reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) ("AOCI") in shareholders' equity, with the exception of unrealized losses believed to be other-than-temporary which are reported in earnings in the current period. The cost of securities sold is based upon the specific identification method.

Source: Apple Inc., Annual Report

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Adjustment to Net Income (Loss): Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities

Apple Inc., adjustment to Net Income

USD $ in millions

 
12 months ended Sep 30, 2017 Sep 24, 2016 Sep 26, 2015 Sep 27, 2014 Sep 28, 2013 Sep 29, 2012
Net income (as reported)
Add: Change in unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities, net of tax
Net income (adjusted)

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Adjusted Ratios: Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities (Summary)

Apple Inc., adjusted ratios

 
Sep 30, 2017 Sep 24, 2016 Sep 26, 2015 Sep 27, 2014 Sep 28, 2013 Sep 29, 2012
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin % % % % % %
Adjusted net profit margin % % % % % %
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE % % % % % %
Adjusted ROE % % % % % %
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA % % % % % %
Adjusted ROA % % % % % %
Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Apple Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by shareholders' equity. Apple Inc.'s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by total assets. Apple Inc.'s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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Adjusted Net Profit Margin

 
Sep 30, 2017 Sep 24, 2016 Sep 26, 2015 Sep 27, 2014 Sep 28, 2013 Sep 29, 2012
As Reported
Net income (USD $ in millions)
Net sales (USD $ in millions)
Net profit margin1 % % % % % %
Adjusted: Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities
Adjusted net income (USD $ in millions)
Net sales (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net profit margin2 % % % % % %

2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ = %

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Apple Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

 
Sep 30, 2017 Sep 24, 2016 Sep 26, 2015 Sep 27, 2014 Sep 28, 2013 Sep 29, 2012
As Reported
Net income (USD $ in millions)
Shareholders' equity (USD $ in millions)
ROE1 % % % % % %
Adjusted: Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities
Adjusted net income (USD $ in millions)
Shareholders' equity (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted ROE2 % % % % % %

2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Shareholders' equity
= 100 × ÷ = %

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Shareholders' equity
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by shareholders' equity. Apple Inc.'s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

 
Sep 30, 2017 Sep 24, 2016 Sep 26, 2015 Sep 27, 2014 Sep 28, 2013 Sep 29, 2012
As Reported
Net income (USD $ in millions)
Total assets (USD $ in millions)
ROA1 % % % % % %
Adjusted: Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities
Adjusted net income (USD $ in millions)
Total assets (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted ROA2 % % % % % %

2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ = %

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by total assets. Apple Inc.'s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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