The Company Profile
Basic information about Apple Inc.
Stock Price Trends
Apple Inc. stock price trends estimated using linear regression.
The income statement (statement of earnings) reports on the performance of Apple Inc., the result of its operating activities.
Statement of Comprehensive Income
Comprehensive income is the change in equity (net assets) of Apple Inc. during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owners sources. It includes all changes in equity during a period except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners.
Balance Sheet: Assets
The assets reports major classes and amounts of resources owned or controlled by Apple Inc..
Balance Sheet: Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
The liabilities and stockholders’ equity reports major classes and amounts of external claims on assets and owners’ capital contributions, and other internally generated sources of capital.
Cash Flow Statement
The cash flow statement provides information about Apple Inc. cash receipts and cash payments during an accounting period, showing how these cash flows link the ending cash balance to the beginning balance shown on Apple Inc. balance sheet.
Common-Size Financial Statements
Common-Size Income Statement
Income statement components (revenues and expenses) shown as percentage of total sales.
Common-Size Balance Sheet: Assets
Assets components shown as percentage of total assets.
Common-Size Balance Sheet: Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity components shown as percentage of total liabilities and stockholders’ equity.
Analysis of Financial Ratios
Analysis of Profitability Ratios
Measures the income of Apple Inc. relative to its revenues and invested capital.
Analysis of Liquidity Ratios
Measures the adequacy of Apple Inc. cash resources to meet its near-term cash obligations.
Analysis of Solvency Ratios
Examines Apple Inc. capital structure in terms of the mix of its financing sources and the ability of the firm to satisfy its longer-term debt and investment obligations.
Analysis of Short-term (Operating) Activity Ratios
Evaluates revenues and output generated by the Apple Inc. assets. Operating performance ratios describe the relationship between the Apple Inc. level of operations and the assets needed to sustain operating activities.
Analysis of Long-term (Investment) Activity Ratios
Measures how efficiently Apple Inc. generates revenues from its investments in fixed or total assets.
DuPont Analysis: Disaggregation of ROE, ROA, and Net Profit Margin
An approach to decomposing Apple Inc. return on equity, return on assets, and net profit margin ratio as the product of other financial ratios.
Analysis of Reportable Segments
Apple Inc. operates in 5 segments: Americas; Europe; Greater China; Japan; and Rest of Asia Pacific.
Analysis of Geographic Areas
Apple Inc. operates in 3 regions: U.S.; China (includes Hong Kong and Taiwan); and Other countries.
Common Stock Valuation Ratios
Relative valuation technique determine the value of Apple Inc. by comparing it to similar entities (like industry or sector) on the basis of several relative ratios that compare its stock price to relevant variables that affect the stock value, such as earnings, book value, and sales.
Enterprise Value (EV)
Enterprise value is total company value (the market value of common equity, debt, and preferred equity) minus the value of cash and short-term investments.
Enterprise Value to EBITDA (EV/EBITDA)
To calculate EBITDA analysts start with net earnings. To that earnings number, interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization are added. EBITDA as a pre-interest number is a flow to all providers of capital.
Enterprise Value to FCFF (EV/FCFF)
Free cash flow to the firm is the cash flow available to the Apple Inc. suppliers of capital after all operating expenses have been paid and necessary investments in working and fixed capital have been made.
Price to FCFE (P/FCFE)
Free cash flow to equity is the cash flow available to Apple Inc. equity holders after all operating expenses, interest, and principal payments have been paid and necessary investments in working and fixed capital have been made.
Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) Valuation
Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
CAPM is a theory concentrated with deriving the expected rates of return on risky assets based on the assets’ systematic risk levels. Systematic risk is the variability of returns that is due to macroeconomic factors that affect all risky assets. It cannot be eliminated by diversification.
Dividend Discount Model (DDM)
The dividend discount model (DDM) is a technique for estimating the value of a share of Apple Inc. common stock issue as the present value of all future dividends.
Present Value of Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE)
The FCFE valuation approach estimates the value of equity as the present value of future FCFE discounted at the required rate of return on equity.
Selected Financial Data
Main items of Apple Inc. financial statements.
Net Profit Margin
Apple Inc. indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue.
Operating Profit Margin
Apple Inc. profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue.
Return on Equity (ROE)
Apple Inc. profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity.
Return on Assets (ROA)
Apple Inc. profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets.
Apple Inc. liquidity ratio calculated as current assets divided by current liabilities.
Debt to Equity
Apple Inc. solvency ratio calculated as total debt divided by total shareholders’ equity.
Total Asset Turnover
Apple Inc. activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by total assets.
Price to Earnings (P/E)
The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in Apple Inc. common stock pays per dollar of current earnings.
Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)
Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit.
Price to Book Value (P/BV)
The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company required rate of return and its actual rate of return.
Price to Sales (P/S)
An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative.
Analysis of Components of Financial Statements
Financial Reporting Quality
Financial reporting quality relates to the accuracy with which Apple Inc. reported financial statements reflect its operating performance and to their usefulness for forecasting future cash flows.
Aggregate accruals deriving measures of the accrual component of Apple Inc. earnings.