# Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)

## Present Value of Free Cash Flow to the Firm (FCFF)

In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Free cash flow to the firm (FCFF) is generally described as cash flows after direct costs and before any payments to capital suppliers.

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We accept:            ### Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)

Apple Inc., free cash flow to the firm (FCFF) forecast

US\$ in millions, except per share data

Year Value FCFFt or Terminal value (TVt) Calculation Present value at
01 FCFF0
1 FCFF1 = × (1 + )
2 FCFF2 = × (1 + )
3 FCFF3 = × (1 + )
4 FCFF4 = × (1 + )
5 FCFF5 = × (1 + )
5 Terminal value (TV5) = × (1 + ) ÷ ()
Intrinsic value of Apple Inc. capital
Less: Commercial paper, term debt, and finance leases (fair value)
Intrinsic value of Apple Inc. common stock

Intrinsic value of Apple Inc. common stock (per share)
Current share price

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-09-25).

Disclaimer!
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.

### Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)

Value1 Weight Required rate of return2 Calculation
Equity (fair value)
Commercial paper, term debt, and finance leases (fair value) = × (1 – )

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-09-25).

1 US\$ in millions

Equity (fair value) = No. shares of common stock outstanding × Current share price
= ×
=

Commercial paper, term debt, and finance leases (fair value). See details »

2 Required rate of return on equity is estimated by using CAPM. See details »

Required rate of return on debt. See details »

Required rate of return on debt is after tax.

Estimated (average) effective income tax rate
= ( + + + + + ) ÷ 6
=

WACC =

### FCFF Growth Rate (g)

#### FCFF growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model

Apple Inc., PRAT model

Average Sep 25, 2021 Sep 26, 2020 Sep 28, 2019 Sep 29, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 24, 2016
Selected Financial Data (US\$ in millions)
Interest expense
Net income

Effective income tax rate (EITR)1

Interest expense, after tax2
Add: Dividends and dividend equivalents declared
Interest expense (after tax) and dividends

EBIT(1 – EITR)3

Current portion of finance leases
Commercial paper
Current portion of term debt
Non-current portion of term debt
Non-current portion of finance leases
Shareholders’ equity
Total capital
Financial Ratios
Retention rate (RR)4
Return on invested capital (ROIC)5
Averages
RR
ROIC

FCFF growth rate (g)6

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-09-25), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-09-26), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-09-28), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-09-29), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-09-30), 10-K (reporting date: 2016-09-24).

2021 Calculations

2 Interest expense, after tax = Interest expense × (1 – EITR)
= × (1 – )
=

3 EBIT(1 – EITR) = Net income + Interest expense, after tax
= +
=

4 RR = [EBIT(1 – EITR) – Interest expense (after tax) and dividends] ÷ EBIT(1 – EITR)
= [] ÷
=

5 ROIC = 100 × EBIT(1 – EITR) ÷ Total capital
= 100 × ÷
=

6 g = RR × ROIC
= ×
=

#### FCFF growth rate (g) implied by single-stage model

g = 100 × (Total capital, fair value0 × WACC – FCFF0) ÷ (Total capital, fair value0 + FCFF0)
= 100 × ( × ) ÷ ( + )
=

where:

Total capital, fair value0 = current fair value of Apple Inc. debt and equity (US\$ in millions)
FCFF0 = the last year Apple Inc. free cash flow to the firm (US\$ in millions)
WACC = weighted average cost of Apple Inc. capital

#### FCFF growth rate (g) forecast

Apple Inc., H-model

Year Value gt
1 g1
2 g2
3 g3
4 g4
5 and thereafter g5

where:
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by single-stage model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5

Calculations

g2 = g1 + (g5g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=

g3 = g1 + (g5g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=

g4 = g1 + (g5g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=