The income statement (statement of earnings) reports on the performance of Union Pacific Corp., the result of its operating activities.
The assets reports major classes and amounts of resources owned or controlled by Union Pacific Corp..
The liabilities and stockholders’ equity reports major classes and amounts of external claims on assets and owners’ capital contributions, and other internally generated sources of capital.
The cash flow statement provides information about Union Pacific Corp.’s cash receipts and cash payments during an accounting period, showing how these cash flows link the ending cash balance to the beginning balance shown on Union Pacific Corp.’s balance sheet.
Common-Size Financial Statements
Income statement components (revenues and expenses) shown as percentage of total sales.
Assets components shown as percentage of total assets.
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity components shown as percentage of total liabilities and stockholders’ equity.
Analysis of Financial Ratios
Evaluates revenues and output generated by the Union Pacific Corp.’s assets. Operating performance ratios describe the relationship between the Union Pacific Corp.’s level of operations and the assets needed to sustain operating activities.
Measures how efficiently Union Pacific Corp. generates revenues from its investments in fixed or total assets.
Measures the adequacy of a Union Pacific Corp.’s cash resources to meet its near-term cash obligations.
Examines Union Pacific Corp.’s capital structure in terms of the mix of its financing sources and the ability of the firm to satisfy its longer-term debt and investment obligations.
Measures the income of Union Pacific Corp. relative to its revenues and invested capital.
An approach to decomposing Union Pacific Corp.’s return on equity, return on assets, and net profit margin ratio as the product of other financial ratios.
Relative valuation technique determine the value of Union Pacific Corp. by comparing it to similar entities (like industry or sector) on the basis of several relative ratios that compare its stock price to relevant variables that affect the stock’s value, such as earnings, book value, and sales.