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Profitability Analysis Quarterly Data

Difficulty: Beginner

Profitability ratios measure the company's ability to generate profitable sales from its resources (assets).


Ratios (Summary)

AT&T Inc., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Operating profit margin % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Net profit margin % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Return on assets (ROA) % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports
Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. AT&T Inc.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s operating profit margin improved from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then improved from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 exceeding Q2 2017 level.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. AT&T Inc.'s ROE deteriorated from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then improved from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 exceeding Q2 2017 level.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. AT&T Inc.'s ROA deteriorated from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then improved from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 exceeding Q2 2017 level.

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Gross Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross profit
Operating revenues
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q4 2017 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross profitQ4 2017 + Gross profitQ3 2017 + Gross profitQ2 2017 + Gross profitQ1 2017) ÷ (Operating revenuesQ4 2017 + Operating revenuesQ3 2017 + Operating revenuesQ2 2017 + Operating revenuesQ1 2017)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) = %

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. AT&T Inc.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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Operating Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating income
Operating revenues
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q4 2017 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating incomeQ4 2017 + Operating incomeQ3 2017 + Operating incomeQ2 2017 + Operating incomeQ1 2017) ÷ (Operating revenuesQ4 2017 + Operating revenuesQ3 2017 + Operating revenuesQ2 2017 + Operating revenuesQ1 2017)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) = %

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s operating profit margin improved from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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Net Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T
Operating revenues
Ratio
Net profit margin1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q4 2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × (Net income attributable to AT&TQ4 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ3 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ2 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ1 2017) ÷ (Operating revenuesQ4 2017 + Operating revenuesQ3 2017 + Operating revenuesQ2 2017 + Operating revenuesQ1 2017)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) = %

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then improved from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 exceeding Q2 2017 level.

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Return on Equity (ROE)

AT&T Inc., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T
Stockholders' equity attributable to AT&T
Ratio
ROE1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q4 2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × (Net income attributable to AT&TQ4 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ3 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ2 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ1 2017) ÷ Stockholders' equity attributable to AT&T
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. AT&T Inc.'s ROE deteriorated from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then improved from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 exceeding Q2 2017 level.

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Return on Assets (ROA)

AT&T Inc., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T
Total assets
Ratio
ROA1 % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q4 2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × (Net income attributable to AT&TQ4 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ3 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ2 2017 + Net income attributable to AT&TQ1 2017) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. AT&T Inc.'s ROA deteriorated from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then improved from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 exceeding Q2 2017 level.

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