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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Profitability Analysis

Difficulty: Beginner

Profitability ratios measure the company's ability to generate profitable sales from its resources (assets).


Ratios (Summary)

AT&T Inc., profitability ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Operating profit margin hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Net profit margin hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Return on assets (ROA) hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. AT&T Inc.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s operating profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. AT&T Inc.'s ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. AT&T Inc.'s ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Gross Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., gross profit margin calculation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross profit hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × Gross profit ÷ Operating revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden%

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. AT&T Inc.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Operating Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., operating profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Operating Profit Margin, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × Operating income ÷ Operating revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden%

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s operating profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Net Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., net profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Net Profit Margin, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to AT&T ÷ Operating revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden%

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Return on Equity (ROE)

AT&T Inc., ROE calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity attributable to AT&T hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
ROE, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to AT&T ÷ Stockholders' equity attributable to AT&T
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden%

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. AT&T Inc.'s ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Return on Assets (ROA)

AT&T Inc., ROA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
ROA, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to AT&T ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden%

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. AT&T Inc.'s ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.