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Profitability Analysis

Difficulty: Beginner

Profitability ratios measure the company's ability to generate profitable sales from its resources (assets).


Ratios (Summary)

AT&T Inc., profitability ratios

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin % % % % %
Operating profit margin % % % % %
Net profit margin % % % % %
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) % % % % %
Return on assets (ROA) % % % % %

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. AT&T Inc.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s operating profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. AT&T Inc.'s ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. AT&T Inc.'s ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

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Gross Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., gross profit margin calculation

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross profit
Operating revenues
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. % % % % %

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × Gross profit ÷ Operating revenues
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. AT&T Inc.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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Operating Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., operating profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating income
Operating revenues
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. % % % % %
Operating Profit Margin, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications % % % % %

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × Operating income ÷ Operating revenues
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s operating profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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Net Profit Margin

AT&T Inc., net profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T
Operating revenues
Ratio
Net profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. % % % % %
Net Profit Margin, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications % % % % %

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to AT&T ÷ Operating revenues
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. AT&T Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

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Return on Equity (ROE)

AT&T Inc., ROE calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T
Stockholders' equity attributable to AT&T
Ratio
ROE1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. % % % % %
ROE, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications % % % % %

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to AT&T ÷ Stockholders' equity attributable to AT&T
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. AT&T Inc.'s ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

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Return on Assets (ROA)

AT&T Inc., ROA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to AT&T
Total assets
Ratio
ROA1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. % % % % %
ROA, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications % % % % %

Source: Based on data from AT&T Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to AT&T ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. AT&T Inc.'s ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

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