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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Common Stock Valuation Ratios (Price Multiples)

Difficulty: Beginner

Valuation ratios measure the quantity of an asset or flaw (e.g., earnings) associated with ownership of a specified claim (e.g., a share of ownership of the enterprise).


Current Valuation Ratios

AT&T Inc., current price multiples

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
AT&T Inc. Verizon Communications Inc. Fixed Line Telecommunications
Selected Financial Data
Current share price (P) $ hidden
No. shares of common stock outstanding hidden
Growth rate (g) hidden%
 
Earnings per share (EPS) $ hidden
Next year expected EPS $ hidden
Operating profit per share $ hidden
Sales per share $ hidden
Book value per share (BVPS) $ hidden
Ratios (Price Multiples)
Price to earnings (P/E) hidden hidden hidden
Price to next year expected earnings hidden hidden hidden
Price-earnings-growth (PEG) hidden hidden hidden
Price to operating profit (P/OP) hidden hidden hidden
Price to sales (P/S) hidden hidden hidden
Price to book value (P/BV) hidden hidden hidden

If company price multiple is lower then the price multiple of benchmark then company stock is relatively undervalued.

Otherwise, if company price multiple is higher then the price multiple of benchmark then company stock is relatively overvalued.


Historical Valuation Ratios (Summary)

AT&T Inc., historical price multiples

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Price to earnings (P/E) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to operating profit (P/OP) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to sales (P/S) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to book value (P/BV) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. AT&T Inc.'s P/E ratio increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. AT&T Inc.'s P/OP ratio increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. AT&T Inc.'s P/S ratio increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return. AT&T Inc.'s P/BV ratio increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.

Price to Earnings (P/E)

AT&T Inc., historical P/E calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Net income attributable to AT&T (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Earnings per share (EPS)3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
P/E ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
P/E Ratio, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/E Ratio, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of AT&T Inc.'s Annual Report.

2017 Calculations

3 EPS = Net income attributable to AT&T ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/E ratio = Share price ÷ EPS
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. AT&T Inc.'s P/E ratio increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.

Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)

AT&T Inc., historical P/OP calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Operating income (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating profit per share3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
P/OP ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
P/OP Ratio, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/OP Ratio, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of AT&T Inc.'s Annual Report.

2017 Calculations

3 Operating profit per share = Operating income ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/OP ratio = Share price ÷ Operating profit per share
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. AT&T Inc.'s P/OP ratio increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Price to Sales (P/S)

AT&T Inc., historical P/S calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Operating revenues (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales per share3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
P/S ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
P/S Ratio, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/S Ratio, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of AT&T Inc.'s Annual Report.

2017 Calculations

3 Sales per share = Operating revenues ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/S ratio = Share price ÷ Sales per share
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. AT&T Inc.'s P/S ratio increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.

Price to Book Value (P/BV)

AT&T Inc., historical P/BV calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Stockholders' equity attributable to AT&T (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Book value per share (BVPS)3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
P/BV ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
P/BV Ratio, Competitors
Verizon Communications Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/BV Ratio, Sector
Fixed Line Telecommunications hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of AT&T Inc.'s Annual Report.

2017 Calculations

3 BVPS = Stockholders' equity attributable to AT&T ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/BV ratio = Share price ÷ BVPS
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return. AT&T Inc.'s P/BV ratio increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.