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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

eBay Inc. (EBAY)


Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Income Taxes

eBay accounts for income taxes using an asset and liability approach, which requires the recognition of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the financial statements or tax returns. The measurement of current and deferred tax assets and liabilities is based on provisions of enacted tax laws; the effects of future changes in tax laws or rates are not anticipated. If necessary, the measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced by the amount of any tax benefits that are not expected to be realized based on available evidence.

eBay reports a liability for unrecognized tax benefits resulting from uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. eBay recognizes interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.

eBay accounted for the tax effects of The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, enacted on December 22, 2017, on a provisional basis in the 2017 consolidated financial statements. eBay completed the accounting in the fourth quarter of 2018 within the one year measurement period from the enactment date.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

eBay Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Federal
State and local
Foreign
Current
Federal
State and local
Foreign
Deferred
Provision (benefit) for income taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. eBay Inc.’s current increased from 2016 to 2017 but then decreased significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. eBay Inc.’s deferred increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly decreased from 2017 to 2018.
Provision (benefit) for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. eBay Inc.’s provision (benefit) for income taxes increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly decreased from 2017 to 2018.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

eBay Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Federal statutory tax rate
Effective income tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax rate Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

eBay Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Net operating loss, capital loss and credits
Accruals and allowances
Stock-based compensation
Amortizable tax basis in intangibles
Net unrealized losses
Net deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets
Unremitted foreign earnings
Acquisition-related intangibles
Depreciation and amortization
Net unrealized gain
Available-for-sale securities
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax assets and liabilities

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

Item Description The company
Net deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. eBay Inc.’s net deferred tax assets increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly decreased from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. eBay Inc.’s deferred tax assets increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly decreased from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Net deferred tax assets and liabilities Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. eBay Inc.’s net deferred tax assets and liabilities decreased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly increased from 2017 to 2018.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

eBay Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income (loss)
Net income (loss) (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (loss) (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).


eBay Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

eBay Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. eBay Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. eBay Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
eBay Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. eBay Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. eBay Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

eBay Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income (loss)
Net revenues
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income (loss)
Net revenues
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income (loss) ÷ Net revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income (loss) ÷ Net revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. eBay Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net revenues
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net revenues
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net revenues ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. eBay Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
eBay Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income (loss)
Stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income (loss)
Adjusted stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income (loss) ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income (loss) ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. eBay Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income (loss)
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income (loss)
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-05), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-06).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income (loss) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income (loss) ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. eBay Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.