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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Cisco Systems Inc. (CSCO)


Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Income Taxes

Income tax expense is based on pretax financial accounting income. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts. Valuation allowances are recorded to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that will more likely than not be realized.

Cisco accounts for uncertainty in income taxes using a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. Cisco classifies the liability for unrecognized tax benefits as current to the extent that Cisco anticipates payment (or receipt) of cash within one year. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions are recognized in the provision for income taxes.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Cisco Systems Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
Federal
State
Foreign
Current
Federal
State
Foreign
Deferred
Provision for income taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Cisco Systems Inc.’s current increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Cisco Systems Inc.’s deferred increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Cisco Systems Inc.’s provision for income taxes increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Cisco Systems Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
Federal statutory tax rate
State taxes, net of federal tax benefit
Foreign income at other than U.S. rates
Tax credits
Foreign-derived intangible income deduction
Domestic manufacturing deduction
Stock-based compensation
Tax audit settlement
Other, net
Effective income tax rate, before impact of the Tax Act
Impact of the Tax Act
Effective income tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax rate, before impact of the Tax Act Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Cisco Systems Inc.’s effective income tax rate, before impact of the Tax Act decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Cisco Systems Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
Allowance for doubtful accounts and returns
Sales-type and direct-financing leases
Inventory write-downs and capitalization
Investment provisions
IPR&D, goodwill, and purchased intangible assets
Deferred revenue
Credits and net operating loss carryforwards
Share-based compensation expense
Accrued compensation
Other
Gross deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets
Purchased intangible assets
Depreciation
Unrealized gains on investments
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

Item Description The company
Gross deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Cisco Systems Inc.’s gross deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Cisco Systems Inc.’s deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Cisco Systems Inc.’s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Cisco Systems Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
Deferred tax assets, current
Deferred tax liabilities, current
Deferred tax assets, noncurrent
Deferred tax liabilities, noncurrent

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets, noncurrent Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Cisco Systems Inc.’s deferred tax assets, noncurrent decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Deferred tax liabilities, noncurrent Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Cisco Systems Inc.’s deferred tax liabilities, noncurrent decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Cisco Systems Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Current assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Current Liabilities
Current liabilities (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net
Current liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Cisco Shareholders’ Equity
Total Cisco shareholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Total Cisco shareholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).


Cisco Systems Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Cisco Systems Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio
Adjusted current ratio
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Cisco Systems Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets
Adjusted current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

2019 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Adjusted current liabilities
= ÷ =

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Revenue
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenue
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenue
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenue
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

2019 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Total Cisco shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted total Cisco shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Cisco shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total Cisco shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total Cisco shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total Cisco shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Total Cisco shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total Cisco shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jul 27, 2019 Jul 28, 2018 Jul 29, 2017 Jul 30, 2016 Jul 25, 2015 Jul 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-09-05), 10-K (filing date: 2018-09-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-09-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2015-09-08), 10-K (filing date: 2014-09-09).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Cisco Systems Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.