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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Analysis of Income Taxes

Difficulty: Advanced


Income Tax Accounting Policy

Alphabet accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method, under which Alphabet recognizes the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the financial statements or tax returns. Alphabet measures current and deferred tax assets and liabilities based on provisions of enacted tax law. Alphabet evaluates the realization of the deferred tax assets based on all available evidence and establish a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that they will not be realized.

Alphabet recognizes the financial statement effects of a tax position when it is more likely than not that, based on technical merits, the position will be sustained upon examination. The tax benefits of the position recognized in the financial statements are then measured based on the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50% likely to be realized upon settlement with a taxing authority. In addition, Alphabet recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of the income tax provision.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Alphabet Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Federal and state hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Federal and state hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Provision for income taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Alphabet Inc.'s current increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Alphabet Inc.'s deferred increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Alphabet Inc.'s provision for income taxes increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Alphabet Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
U.S. federal statutory tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign income taxed at different rates hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
One-time transition tax hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax effects hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Impact of the Tax Act hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Federal research credit hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stock-based compensation expense hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
European Commission Fine hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other adjustments hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Effective tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

Item Description The company
Effective tax rate Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Alphabet Inc.'s effective tax rate increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Alphabet Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Stock-based compensation expense hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accrued employee benefits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accruals and reserves not currently deductible hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Tax credit hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Basis difference in investment of Arris hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Prepaid cost sharing hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Operating Losses hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Valuation allowance hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets net of valuation allowance hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Identified intangibles hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Renewable energy investments hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Alphabet Inc.'s deferred tax assets increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.
Deferred tax assets net of valuation allowance Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Alphabet Inc.'s deferred tax assets net of valuation allowance increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Alphabet Inc.'s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Alphabet Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Deferred tax assets, current hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets, non-current hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax liabilities, non-current hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets, non-current Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Alphabet Inc.'s deferred tax assets, non-current increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Deferred tax liabilities, non-current Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Alphabet Inc.'s deferred tax liabilities, non-current increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Alphabet Inc., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Stockholders' Equity
Stockholders' equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).


Alphabet Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Alphabet Inc., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted current ratio improved from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted financial leverage declined from 2015 to 2016 but then increased from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.

Alphabet Inc., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

2017 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted current ratio improved from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

2017 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders' equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

2017 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted financial leverage declined from 2015 to 2016 but then increased from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders' equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Stockholders' equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted stockholders' equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-12).

2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Alphabet Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.