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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Phillips 66 (PSX)


DuPont Analysis: Disaggregation of ROE, ROA, and Net Profit Margin

Low level of difficulty


Two-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Phillips 66, decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = ROA × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2018 hidden = hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2017 hidden = hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2016 hidden = hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2015 hidden = hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2014 hidden = hidden × hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

The primary reason for the increase in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2018 year is the increase in profitability measured by return on assets ratio (ROA).


Three-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Phillips 66, decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2018 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2017 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2016 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2015 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2014 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

The primary reason for the increase in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2018 year is the increase in efficiency measured by asset turnover ratio.


Five-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Phillips 66, decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2018 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2017 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2016 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2015 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2014 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

The primary reason for the increase in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2018 year is the increase in operating profitability measured by EBIT margin ratio.


Two-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Phillips 66, decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROA = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover
Dec 31, 2018 hidden = hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2017 hidden = hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2016 hidden = hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2015 hidden = hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2014 hidden = hidden × hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

The primary reason for the increase in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2018 year is the increase in asset turnover ratio.


Four-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Phillips 66, decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROA = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover
Dec 31, 2018 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2017 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2016 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2015 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2014 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden × hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

The primary reason for the increase in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2018 year is the increase in operating profitability measured by EBIT margin ratio.


Disaggregation of Net Profit Margin

Phillips 66, decomposition of net profit margin ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Net Profit Margin = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin
Dec 31, 2018 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2017 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2016 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2015 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden
Dec 31, 2014 hidden = hidden × hidden × hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

The primary reason for the increase in net profit margin ratio over 2018 year is the increase in operating profitability measured by EBIT margin ratio.