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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Phillips 66 (PSX)


Analysis of Inventory

Difficulty: Advanced


Inventory Accounting Policy

Phillips 66 has several valuation methods for the various types of inventories and consistently uses the following methods for each type of inventory. Crude oil and petroleum products inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market in the aggregate, primarily on the last-in, first-out (LIFO) basis. Any necessary lower-of-cost-or-market write-downs at year end are recorded as permanent adjustments to the LIFO cost basis. LIFO is used to better match current inventory costs with current revenues and to meet tax-conformity requirements. Costs include both direct and indirect expenditures incurred in bringing an item or product to its existing condition and location. Materials and supplies inventories are valued using the weighted-average-cost method.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22).


Inventory Disclosure

Phillips 66, balance sheet: inventory

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Crude oil and petroleum products hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Materials and supplies hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

Item Description The company
Inventories Amount after valuation and LIFO reserves of inventory expected to be sold, or consumed within one year or operating cycle, if longer. Phillips 66’s inventories increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjustment to Inventory: from LIFO to FIFO

Adjusting LIFO Inventory to FIFO (Current) Cost

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Adjustment to Inventories
Inventories at LIFO (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories at FIFO (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income Attributable To Phillips 66
Net income attributable to Phillips 66 (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Increase (decrease) in inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income attributable to Phillips 66 (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

Phillips 66’s inventory value on Dec 31, 2018 would be $6,443  (in millions) if the FIFO inventory method was used instead of LIFO. Phillips 66’s inventories, valued on a LIFO basis, on Dec 31, 2018 were $3,543 . Phillips 66’s inventories would have been $2,900  higher than reported on Dec 31, 2018 if the FIFO method had been used instead.


Phillips 66, Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: LIFO vs. FIFO (Summary)

Phillips 66, adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. Phillips 66’s adjusted current ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Phillips 66’s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Phillips 66’s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Phillips 66’s adjusted financial leverage declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Phillips 66’s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Phillips 66’s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Phillips 66, Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

2018 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. Phillips 66’s adjusted current ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to Phillips 66 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales and other operating revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to Phillips 66 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales and other operating revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to Phillips 66 ÷ Sales and other operating revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Phillips 66 ÷ Sales and other operating revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Phillips 66’s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Sales and other operating revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Sales and other operating revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Sales and other operating revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Sales and other operating revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Phillips 66’s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Phillips 66’s adjusted financial leverage declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to Phillips 66 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to Phillips 66 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to Phillips 66 ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Phillips 66 ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Phillips 66’s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to Phillips 66 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to Phillips 66 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to Phillips 66 ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Phillips 66 ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Phillips 66’s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.