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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Analysis of Inventory

Difficulty: Advanced


Inventory Accounting Policy

Crude oil, petroleum products and chemicals inventories are generally stated at cost, using a last-in, first-out method. In the aggregate, these costs are below market. "Materials, supplies and other" inventories are primarily stated at net realizable value.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22).


Inventory Disclosure

Chevron Corp., Statement of Financial Position, Inventory

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Crude oil and petroleum products hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Chemicals hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Materials, supplies and other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

Item Description The company
Crude oil and petroleum products Carrying amount as of the balance sheet date of finished goods inventories for petroleum products, crude oil, petrochemical products, and other oil and gas inventories. Chevron Corp.'s crude oil and petroleum products declined from 2015 to 2016 but then increased from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.
Chemicals Carrying amount as of the balance sheet date of solvents or substances produced by or used in a process to change the shape, form or composition of some related matter. Chevron Corp.'s chemicals declined from 2015 to 2016 but then increased from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.
Materials, supplies and other Aggregated amount of unprocessed materials to be used in manufacturing or production process and supplies that will be consumed. Chevron Corp.'s materials, supplies and other declined from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Inventories Carrying amount (lower of cost or market) as of the balance sheet date of inventories less all valuation and other allowances. Excludes noncurrent inventory balances (expected to remain on hand past one year or one operating cycle, if longer). Chevron Corp.'s inventories declined from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly increased from 2016 to 2017.

Adjustment to Inventory: from LIFO to FIFO

Adjusting LIFO Inventory to FIFO (Current) Cost

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Adjustment to Inventories
Inventories at LIFO (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories at FIFO (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Chevron Corporation Stockholders' Equity
Total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income (loss) Attributable To Chevron Corporation
Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Increase (decrease) in inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

Chevron Corp.'s inventory value on Dec 31, 2017 would be $9,522  (in millions) if the FIFO inventory method was used instead of LIFO. Chevron Corp.'s inventories, valued on a LIFO basis, on Dec 31, 2017 were $5,585 . Chevron Corp.'s inventories would have been $3,937  higher than reported on Dec 31, 2017 if the FIFO method had been used instead.


Adjusted Ratios: LIFO vs. FIFO (Summary)

Chevron Corp., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly improved from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Chevron Corp.'s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Current assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Adjusted current assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

2017 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly improved from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales and other operating revenues (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales and other operating revenues (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation ÷ Sales and other operating revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation ÷ Sales and other operating revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Sales and other operating revenues (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Sales and other operating revenues (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

2017 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Sales and other operating revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Sales and other operating revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

2017 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Chevron Corp.'s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation ÷ Total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation ÷ Adjusted total Chevron Corporation stockholders' equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: from LIFO to FIFO
Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-22), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-20), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-21).

2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Chevron Corp.'s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.