Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Colgate-Palmolive Co. (NYSE:CL)

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Economic Value Added (EVA)

Advanced level

EVA is registered trademark of Stern Stewart.

Economic value added or economic profit is the difference between revenues and costs,where costs include not only expenses, but also cost of capital.


Economic Profit

Colgate-Palmolive Co., economic profit calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Cost of capital2
Invested capital3
 
Economic profit4

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-18).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cost of capital. See details »

3 Invested capital. See details »

4 2019 Calculation
Economic profit = NOPAT – Cost of capital × Invested capital
= × =

Item Description The company
Economic profit Economic profit is a measure of corporate performance computed by taking the spread between the return on invested capital and the cost of capital, and multiplying by the invested capital. Colgate-Palmolive Co.’s economic profit increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Net Operating Profit after Taxes (NOPAT)

Colgate-Palmolive Co., NOPAT calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Net income attributable to Colgate-Palmolive Company
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)1
Increase (decrease) in allowance for doubtful accounts and estimated returns2
Increase (decrease) in LIFO reserve3
Increase (decrease) in restructuring accrual4
Increase (decrease) in equity equivalents5
Interest expense
Interest expense, operating lease liability6
Adjusted interest expense
Tax benefit of interest expense7
Adjusted interest expense, after taxes8
(Gain) loss on marketable securities
Interest income
Investment income, before taxes
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income9
Investment income, after taxes10
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-18).

1 Elimination of deferred tax expense. See details »

2 Addition of increase (decrease) in allowance for doubtful accounts and estimated returns.

3 Addition of increase (decrease) in LIFO reserve. See details »

4 Addition of increase (decrease) in restructuring accrual.

5 Addition of increase (decrease) in equity equivalents to net income attributable to Colgate-Palmolive Company.

6 2019 Calculation
Interest expense on capitalized operating leases = Operating lease liability × Discount rate
= × =

7 2019 Calculation
Tax benefit of interest expense = Adjusted interest expense × Statutory income tax rate
= × 21.00% =

8 Addition of after taxes interest expense to net income attributable to Colgate-Palmolive Company.

9 2019 Calculation
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income = Investment income, before tax × Statutory income tax rate
= × 21.00% =

10 Elimination of after taxes investment income.

Item Description The company
NOPAT Net operating profit after taxes is income from operations, but after removement of taxes calculated on cash basis that are relevant to operating income. Colgate-Palmolive Co.’s NOPAT increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Cash Operating Taxes

Colgate-Palmolive Co., cash operating taxes calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Provision for income taxes
Less: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Add: Tax savings from interest expense
Less: Tax imposed on investment income
Cash operating taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-18).

Item Description The company
Cash operating taxes Cash operating taxes are estimated by adjusting income tax expense for changes in deferred taxes and tax benefit from the interest deduction. Colgate-Palmolive Co.’s cash operating taxes decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Invested Capital

Colgate-Palmolive Co., invested capital calculation (financing approach)

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Notes and loans payable
Current portion of long-term debt
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
Operating lease liability1
Total reported debt & leases
Total Colgate-Palmolive Company shareholders’ equity
Net deferred tax (assets) liabilities2
Allowance for doubtful accounts and estimated returns3
LIFO reserve4
Restructuring accrual5
Equity equivalents6
Accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss, net of tax7
Noncontrolling interests
Adjusted total Colgate-Palmolive Company shareholders’ equity
Marketable securities8
Invested capital

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-18).

1 Addition of capitalized operating leases.

2 Elimination of deferred taxes from assets and liabilities. See details »

3 Addition of allowance for doubtful accounts receivable.

4 Addition of LIFO reserve. See details »

5 Addition of restructuring accrual.

6 Addition of equity equivalents to total Colgate-Palmolive Company shareholders’ equity.

7 Removal of accumulated other comprehensive income.

8 Subtraction of marketable securities.

Item Description The company
Invested capital Capital is an approximation of the economic book value of all cash invested in going-concern business activities. Colgate-Palmolive Co.’s invested capital increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Cost of Capital

Colgate-Palmolive Co., cost of capital calculations

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-21).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-18).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »


Economic Spread Ratio

Colgate-Palmolive Co., economic spread ratio calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Economic profit1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
Economic spread ratio3
Benchmarks
Economic Spread Ratio, Competitors4
Estée Lauder Cos. Inc.
Kimberly-Clark Corp.
Nike Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-18).

1 Economic profit. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2019 Calculation
Economic spread ratio = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
Economic spread ratio The ratio of economic profit to invested capital, also equal to the difference between return on invested capital (ROIC) and cost of capital. Colgate-Palmolive Co.’s economic spread ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Economic Profit Margin

Colgate-Palmolive Co., economic profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Economic profit1
Net sales
Performance Ratio
Economic profit margin2
Benchmarks
Economic Profit Margin, Competitors3
Estée Lauder Cos. Inc.
Kimberly-Clark Corp.
Nike Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-21), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-18).

1 Economic profit. See details »

2 2019 Calculation
Economic profit margin = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ =

3 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
Economic profit margin The ratio of economic profit to sales. It is the company’s profit margin covering income efficiency and asset management. Economic profit margin is not biased in favor of capital-intensive business models, because any added capital is a cost to the economic profit margin. Colgate-Palmolive Co.’s economic profit margin improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.