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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. (TMO)


Analysis of Income Taxes

Difficulty: Advanced


Income Tax Accounting Policy

Thermo Fisher recognizes deferred income taxes based on the expected future tax consequences of differences between the financial statement basis and the tax basis of assets and liabilities, calculated using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to be reflected in the tax return.

The financial statements reflect expected future tax consequences of uncertain tax positions that Thermo Fisher has taken or expects to take on a tax return presuming the taxing authorities’ full knowledge of the positions and all relevant facts, but without discounting for the time value of money.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Non-U.S. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current income tax provision hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Non-U.S. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred income tax provision (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

Item Description The company
Current income tax provision Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s current income tax provision increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Deferred income tax provision (benefit) Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s deferred income tax provision (benefit) declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s provision for (benefit from) income taxes increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net operating loss and credit carryforwards hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Reserves and accruals hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accrued compensation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign undistributed earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventory basis difference hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other capitalized costs hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Unrealized losses on hedging instruments hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets (liabilities), net before valuation allowance hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Valuation allowance hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets (liabilities), net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets (liabilities), net Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s deferred tax assets (liabilities), net declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., adjustments to financial data

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Shareholders’ Equity
Shareholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).


Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

2018 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-26).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.