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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Qualcomm Inc. (NASDAQ:QCOM)


Economic Value Added (EVA)

Advanced level


Economic Profit

Qualcomm Inc., economic profit calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Sep 29, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 24, 2017 Sep 25, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Cost of capital2
Invested capital3
 
Economic profit4

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-07), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-04), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-05).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cost of capital. See details »

3 Invested capital. See details »

4 2019 Calculation
Economic profit = NOPAT – Cost of capital × Invested capital
= × =

Item Description The company
Economic profit Economic profit is a measure of corporate performance computed by taking the spread between the return on invested capital and the cost of capital, and multiplying by the invested capital. Qualcomm Inc.’s economic profit increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Net Operating Profit after Taxes (NOPAT)

Qualcomm Inc., NOPAT calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Sep 29, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 24, 2017 Sep 25, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014
Net income (loss) attributable to Qualcomm
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)1
Increase (decrease) in allowances for doubtful accounts2
Increase (decrease) in unearned revenues3
Increase (decrease) in restructuring accrual4
Increase (decrease) in equity equivalents5
Interest expense
Interest expense, operating lease liability6
Adjusted interest expense
Tax benefit of interest expense7
Adjusted interest expense, after taxes8
(Gain) loss on marketable securities
Interest and dividend income
Investment income, before taxes
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income9
Investment income, after taxes10
(Income) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax11
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-07), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-04), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-05).

1 Elimination of deferred tax expense. See details »

2 Addition of increase (decrease) in allowances for doubtful accounts.

3 Addition of increase (decrease) in unearned revenues.

4 Addition of increase (decrease) in restructuring accrual.

5 Addition of increase (decrease) in equity equivalents to net income (loss) attributable to Qualcomm.

6 2019 Calculation
Interest expense on capitalized operating leases = Operating lease liability × Discount rate
= × =

7 2019 Calculation
Tax benefit of interest expense = Adjusted interest expense × Statutory income tax rate
= × 21.00% =

8 Addition of after taxes interest expense to net income (loss) attributable to Qualcomm.

9 2019 Calculation
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income = Investment income, before tax × Statutory income tax rate
= × 21.00% =

10 Elimination of after taxes investment income.

11 Elimination of discontinued operations.

Item Description The company
NOPAT Net operating profit after taxes is income from operations, but after removement of taxes calculated on cash basis that are relevant to operating income. Qualcomm Inc.’s NOPAT decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Cash Operating Taxes

Qualcomm Inc., cash operating taxes calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Sep 29, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 24, 2017 Sep 25, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014
Income tax provision
Less: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Add: Tax savings from interest expense
Less: Tax imposed on investment income
Cash operating taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-07), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-04), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-05).

Item Description The company
Cash operating taxes Cash operating taxes are estimated by adjusting income tax expense for changes in deferred taxes and tax benefit from the interest deduction. Qualcomm Inc.’s cash operating taxes increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Invested Capital

Qualcomm Inc., invested capital calculation (financing approach)

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 29, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 24, 2017 Sep 25, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014
Short-term debt
Long-term debt
Operating lease liability1
Total reported debt & leases
Total Qualcomm stockholders’ equity
Net deferred tax (assets) liabilities2
Allowances for doubtful accounts3
Unearned revenues4
Restructuring accrual5
Equity equivalents6
Accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss, net of tax7
Noncontrolling interests
Adjusted total Qualcomm stockholders’ equity
Construction in progress8
Marketable securities9
Invested capital

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-07), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-04), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-05).

1 Addition of capitalized operating leases.

2 Elimination of deferred taxes from assets and liabilities. See details »

3 Addition of allowance for doubtful accounts receivable.

4 Addition of unearned revenues.

5 Addition of restructuring accrual.

6 Addition of equity equivalents to total Qualcomm stockholders’ equity.

7 Removal of accumulated other comprehensive income.

8 Subtraction of construction in progress.

9 Subtraction of marketable securities.

Item Description The company
Invested capital Capital is an approximation of the economic book value of all cash invested in going-concern business activities. Qualcomm Inc.’s invested capital decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.

Cost of Capital

Qualcomm Inc., cost of capital calculations

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-06).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 24.76%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 24.76%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-07).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-01).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-02).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-04).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-05).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »


Economic Spread Ratio

Qualcomm Inc., economic spread ratio calculation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 29, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 24, 2017 Sep 25, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Economic profit1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
Economic spread ratio3

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-07), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-04), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-05).

1 Economic profit. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2019 Calculation
Economic spread ratio = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

Performance ratio Description The company
Economic spread ratio The ratio of economic profit to invested capital, also equal to the difference between return on invested capital (ROIC) and cost of capital. Qualcomm Inc.’s economic spread ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Economic Profit Margin

Qualcomm Inc., economic profit margin calculation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 29, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 24, 2017 Sep 25, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Economic profit1
Revenues
Add: Increase (decrease) in unearned revenues
Adjusted revenues
Performance Ratio
Economic profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-07), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-04), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-05).

1 Economic profit. See details »

2 2019 Calculation
Economic profit margin = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Adjusted revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

Performance ratio Description The company
Economic profit margin The ratio of economic profit to sales. It is the company’s profit margin covering income efficiency and asset management. Economic profit margin is not biased in favor of capital-intensive business models, because any added capital is a cost to the economic profit margin. Qualcomm Inc.’s economic profit margin improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.