Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Broadcom Inc. (NASDAQ:AVGO)

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Economic Value Added (EVA)

Advanced level

Economic Profit

Broadcom Inc., economic profit calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Nov 1, 2020 Nov 3, 2019 Nov 4, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Nov 1, 2015
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Cost of capital2
Invested capital3
 
Economic profit4

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-20), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-17).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cost of capital. See details »

3 Invested capital. See details »

4 2020 Calculation
Economic profit = NOPAT – Cost of capital × Invested capital
= × =

Item Description The company
Economic profit Economic profit is a measure of corporate performance computed by taking the spread between the return on invested capital and the cost of capital, and multiplying by the invested capital. Broadcom Inc.’s economic profit decreased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Net Operating Profit after Taxes (NOPAT)

Broadcom Inc., NOPAT calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Nov 1, 2020 Nov 3, 2019 Nov 4, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Nov 1, 2015
Net income (loss) attributable to Broadcom Inc. stockholders
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)1
Increase (decrease) in allowances for doubtful accounts2
Increase (decrease) in restructuring liabilities3
Increase (decrease) in equity equivalents4
Interest expense
Interest expense, operating lease liability5
Adjusted interest expense
Tax benefit of interest expense6
Adjusted interest expense, after taxes7
(Gain) loss on marketable securities
Interest income
Investment income, before taxes
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income8
Investment income, after taxes9
(Income) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax10
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-20), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-17).

1 Elimination of deferred tax expense. See details »

2 Addition of increase (decrease) in allowances for doubtful accounts.

3 Addition of increase (decrease) in restructuring liabilities.

4 Addition of increase (decrease) in equity equivalents to net income (loss) attributable to Broadcom Inc. stockholders.

5 2020 Calculation
Interest expense on capitalized operating leases = Operating lease liability × Discount rate
= × =

6 2020 Calculation
Tax benefit of interest expense = Adjusted interest expense × Statutory income tax rate
= × 21.00% =

7 Addition of after taxes interest expense to net income (loss) attributable to Broadcom Inc. stockholders.

8 2020 Calculation
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income = Investment income, before tax × Statutory income tax rate
= × 21.00% =

9 Elimination of after taxes investment income.

10 Elimination of discontinued operations.

Item Description The company
NOPAT Net operating profit after taxes is income from operations, but after removement of taxes calculated on cash basis that are relevant to operating income. Broadcom Inc.’s NOPAT decreased from 2018 to 2019 but then slightly increased from 2019 to 2020.

Cash Operating Taxes

Broadcom Inc., cash operating taxes calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Nov 1, 2020 Nov 3, 2019 Nov 4, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Nov 1, 2015
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
Less: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Add: Tax savings from interest expense
Less: Tax imposed on investment income
Cash operating taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-20), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-17).

Item Description The company
Cash operating taxes Cash operating taxes are estimated by adjusting income tax expense for changes in deferred taxes and tax benefit from the interest deduction. Broadcom Inc.’s cash operating taxes decreased from 2018 to 2019 but then increased from 2019 to 2020 exceeding 2018 level.

Invested Capital

Broadcom Inc., invested capital calculation (financing approach)

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 1, 2020 Nov 3, 2019 Nov 4, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Nov 1, 2015
Current portion of long-term debt
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
Operating lease liability1
Total reported debt & leases
Total Broadcom Inc. stockholders’ equity
Net deferred tax (assets) liabilities2
Allowances for doubtful accounts3
Restructuring liabilities4
Equity equivalents5
Accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss, net of tax6
Noncontrolling interest
Adjusted total Broadcom Inc. stockholders’ equity
Construction in progress7
Invested capital

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-20), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-17).

1 Addition of capitalized operating leases.

2 Elimination of deferred taxes from assets and liabilities. See details »

3 Addition of allowance for doubtful accounts receivable.

4 Addition of restructuring liabilities.

5 Addition of equity equivalents to total Broadcom Inc. stockholders’ equity.

6 Removal of accumulated other comprehensive income.

7 Subtraction of construction in progress.

Item Description The company
Invested capital Capital is an approximation of the economic book value of all cash invested in going-concern business activities. Broadcom Inc.’s invested capital increased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Cost of Capital

Broadcom Inc., cost of capital calculations

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
8.00% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, $0.001 par value ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-18).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
8.00% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, $0.001 par value ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-20).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
8.00% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, $0.001 par value ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-21).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
8.00% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, $0.001 par value ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 17.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 17.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-21).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
8.00% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, $0.001 par value ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 17.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 17.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-23).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
8.00% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, $0.001 par value ÷ = × =
Debt3 ÷ = × × (1 – 17.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 17.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-17).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Debt. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »


Economic Spread Ratio

Broadcom Inc., economic spread ratio calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 1, 2020 Nov 3, 2019 Nov 4, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Nov 1, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Economic profit1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
Economic spread ratio3
Benchmarks
Economic Spread Ratio, Competitors4
Advanced Micro Devices Inc.
Analog Devices Inc.
Apple Inc.
Applied Materials Inc.
Cisco Systems Inc.
Intel Corp.
Lam Research Corp.
Micron Technology Inc.
NVIDIA Corp.
Qualcomm Inc.
Texas Instruments Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-20), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-17).

1 Economic profit. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2020 Calculation
Economic spread ratio = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
Economic spread ratio The ratio of economic profit to invested capital, also equal to the difference between return on invested capital (ROIC) and cost of capital. Broadcom Inc.’s economic spread ratio deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Economic Profit Margin

Broadcom Inc., economic profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Nov 1, 2020 Nov 3, 2019 Nov 4, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Nov 1, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Economic profit1
Net revenue
Performance Ratio
Economic profit margin2
Benchmarks
Economic Profit Margin, Competitors3
Advanced Micro Devices Inc.
Analog Devices Inc.
Apple Inc.
Applied Materials Inc.
Cisco Systems Inc.
Intel Corp.
Lam Research Corp.
Micron Technology Inc.
NVIDIA Corp.
Qualcomm Inc.
Texas Instruments Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-20), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-21), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-17).

1 Economic profit. See details »

2 2020 Calculation
Economic profit margin = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Net revenue
= 100 × ÷ =

3 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
Economic profit margin The ratio of economic profit to sales. It is the company’s profit margin covering income efficiency and asset management. Economic profit margin is not biased in favor of capital-intensive business models, because any added capital is a cost to the economic profit margin. Broadcom Inc.’s economic profit margin deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.