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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Nike Inc. (NKE)


Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Income Taxes

NIKE accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. This approach requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. NIKE records a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount management believes is more likely than not to be realized.

NIKE recognizes a tax benefit from uncertain tax positions in the financial statements only when it is more likely than not the position will be sustained upon examination by relevant tax authorities. NIKE recognizes interest and penalties related to income tax matters in Income tax expense.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Nike Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
Federal
State
United States
Foreign
Current
Federal
State
United States
Foreign
Deferred
Income tax expense

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Nike Inc.’s current increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Nike Inc.’s deferred increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Income tax expense Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Nike Inc.’s income tax expense increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Nike Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
Federal income tax rate
State taxes, net of federal benefit
Foreign earnings
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
Resolution of a U.S. tax matter
U.S. Research and Development tax credit
Other, net
Effective income tax rate, before the Tax Act
Transition tax related to the Tax Act
Remeasurement of deferred tax assets and liabilities related to the Tax Act
Effective income tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax rate, before the Tax Act Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Nike Inc.’s effective income tax rate, before the Tax Act decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Nike Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
Inventories
Sales return reserves
Deferred compensation
Stock-based compensation
Reserves and accrued liabilities
Net operating loss carry-forwards
Foreign tax credit carry-forwards
Undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries
Other
Deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets after valuation allowance
Foreign withholding tax on undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries
Property, plant and equipment
Intangibles
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax asset (liability)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Nike Inc.’s deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred tax assets after valuation allowance Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Nike Inc.’s deferred tax assets after valuation allowance decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.
Net deferred tax asset (liability) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Nike Inc.’s net deferred tax asset (liability) decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Nike Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Current assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Shareholders’ Equity
Shareholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Shareholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).


Nike Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Nike Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio
Adjusted current ratio
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Nike Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Nike Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Nike Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Nike Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Nike Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Nike Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Nike Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

2019 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Nike Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Nike Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Revenues
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

2019 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Nike Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Nike Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Nike Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 31, 2019 May 31, 2018 May 31, 2017 May 31, 2016 May 31, 2015 May 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2018-07-25), 10-K (filing date: 2017-07-20), 10-K (filing date: 2016-07-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-07-23), 10-K (filing date: 2014-07-25).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Nike Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.