Paying users zone. Data is covered by .

  • Get to Delta Air Lines Inc. for $13.99, or

  • get to whole website for at least 3 months from $49.99.

 

$13.99

Dividend Discount Model (DDM)

Difficulty: Intermediate

In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Dividends are the cleanest and most straightforward measure of cash flow because these are clearly cash flows that go directly to the investor.


Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)

Delta Air Lines Inc., dividends per share (DPS) forecast

USD $

 
Year Value DPSt or Terminal value (TVt) Calculation Present value at %
0 DPS01
1 DPS1 = × (1 + %)
2 DPS2 = × (1 + %)
3 DPS3 = × (1 + %)
4 DPS4 = × (1 + %)
5 DPS5 = × (1 + %)
5 Terminal value (TV5) = × (1 + %) ÷ (% – %)
Intrinsic value of Delta's common stock (per share) $
Current share price $

1 DPS0 = Sum of last year dividends per share of Delta's common stock. See details »

Disclaimer!
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.

Top


Required Rate of Return (r)

 
Assumptions
Rate of return on LT Treasury Composite1 RF %
Expected rate of return on market portfolio2 E(RM) %
Systematic risk (β) of Delta's common stock βDAL
Required rate of return on Delta's common stock3 rDAL %

1 Unweighted average of bid yields on all outstanding fixed-coupon U.S. Treasury bonds neither due or callable in less than 10 years (risk-free rate of return proxy).

Calculations

2 See Details »

3 rDAL = RF + βDAL [E(RM) – RF]
= % + [% – %]
= %

Top


Dividend Growth Rate (g)

Dividend growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model

Delta Air Lines Inc., PRAT model

 
Average Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Dividends declared
Net income
Operating revenue
Total assets
Stockholders' equity
Ratios
Retention rate1
Profit margin2 % % % % %
Asset turnover3
Financial leverage4
Averages
Retention rate
Profit margin %
Asset turnover
Financial leverage
Dividend growth rate (g)5 %

2017 Calculations

1 Retention rate = (Net income – Dividends declared) ÷ Net income
= () ÷ =

2 Profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Operating revenue
= 100 × ÷ = %

3 Asset turnover = Operating revenue ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

4 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders' equity
= ÷ =

5 g = Retention rate × Profit margin × Asset turnover × Financial leverage
= × % × × = %

Top


Dividend growth rate (g) implied by Gordon growth model

g = 100 × (P0 × rD0) ÷ (P0 + D0)
= 100 × ($ × % – $) ÷ ($ + $) = %

where:
P0 = current price of share of Delta's common stock
D0 = last year dividends per share of Delta's common stock
r = required rate of return on Delta's common stock

Top


Dividend growth rate (g) forecast

Delta Air Lines Inc., H-model

 
Year Value gt
1 g1 %
2 g2 %
3 g3 %
4 g4 %
5 and thereafter g5 %

where:
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by Gordon growth model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5

Calculations

g2 = g1 + (g5g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= % + (% – %) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1) = %

g3 = g1 + (g5g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= % + (% – %) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1) = %

g4 = g1 + (g5g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= % + (% – %) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1) = %

Top